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Table 1 Demographic data of patients with splenic injuries, n = 12,455

From: Hospital level variations in the trends and outcomes of the nonoperative management of splenic injuries – a nationwide cohort study

Gender
 Male 8805 (70.7%)
 Female 3650 (29.3%)
Age (years, median [IQR]) 37.74 [24.15, 52.69]
Hospital level
 Tertiary center 4926 (39.6%)
 Noncenter hospital 7529 (60.4%)
Transfer after admission
 Yes 904 (7.3%)
 No 11,551 (92.7%)
Management
 Non-operative 7018 (56.3%)
 Surgical 5437 (43.7%)
Associated injury
 Traumatic brain injury 2220 (17.8%)
 Cardiopulmonary injury 729 (5.9%)
 Hemothorax 2173 (17.4%)
 Gastrointestinal injury 1084 (8.7%)
 Kidney injury 1356 (10.9%)
 Liver injury 1596 (12.8%)
 Pelvic fracture 549 (4.4%)
 Femoral fracture 555 (4.5%)
 Spinal fracture 487 (3.9%)
Underlying disease
 Diabetes mellitus 846 (6.8%)
 Hypertension 1210 (9.7%)
 Coronary artery disease 399 (3.2%)
 COPD 242 (1.9%)
 Cirrhosis 558 (4.5%)
 Chronic kidney disease 91 (0.7%)
 Cancer 249 (2.0%)
Blood transfusion (unit)a (median [IQR])
 PRBC 4 [0.00, 8.00]
 FFP 0 [0.00, 6.00]
 Platelet 0 [0.00, 0.00]
 WB 0 [0.00, 0.00]
Hospital length of stay (days) (median [IQR]) 9 [6.00, 14.00]
ICU length of stay (days) (median [IQR]) 2 [1.00, 4.00]
Ventilator support days (median [IQR]) 0 [0.00, 2.00]
In-hospital mortality 977 (7.8%)
  1. IQR interquartile range, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, PRBC packed red blood cell, FFP fresh frozen plasma, WB whole blood
  2. aTaiwan unit, blood product separated from 250 ml of whole blood