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Table 3 Potential risk factors associated with sites not being clean (CFU > 2.5/cm2 and/or growth of pathogens)

From: Prehospital infection control and prevention in Denmark: a cross-sectional study on guideline adherence and microbial contamination of surfaces

Risk factors Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
OR (95% CI) P OR (95% CI) P
HTS, n = 480
 Time of day of samplinga 0.9 (1.0–1.2) 0.072 0.9 (0.9–1.0) 0.068
 Rural service 1.0   1.0  
 City service 1.0 (0.7–1.5) 0.955 1.1 (0.7–1.6) 0.773
Provider-related sites, n = 320
 Time of day of samplinga 1.0 (0.9–1.1) 0.738 0.9 (0.9–1.1) 0.707
 Rural service 1.0   1.0  
 City service 1.0 (0.7–1.6) 0.864 1.1 (0.7–1.7) 0.810
  1. aTotal sampling period: 07.00 am - 06.00 pm. on the four days of data collection. Time of sampling classified by 1-h intervals, e.g., samples collected from 07.00 am - 08.00 am, classified as 07.00 am, samples collected from 08.00–09.00 am as 08.00, etc