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Table 3 Patient deterioration outcomes in different timeframes during the patient’s stay in-hospital and divided by infection and sepsis on emergency department presentation

From: Repeated vital sign measurements in the emergency department predict patient deterioration within 72 hours: a prospective observational study

  Acute Kidney Injury Liver failure Respiratory failure Organ failure ICU admission In-hospital mortality Deteriorated
Single Multiple
Total (N = 359, 100.0%)
 At ED admission 45 (12.5%) 21 (5.8%) 14 (3.9%) 72 (20.1%) 4 (1.1%) 76 (21.2%)
 24 h after ED admission 51 (14.2%) 22 (6.1%) 29 (8.1%) 82 (22.8%) 10 (2.8%) 16 (4.5%) 1 (0.3%) 98 (27.3%)
 48 h after ED admission 57 (15.9%) 23 (6.4%) 33 (9.2%) 83 (23.1%) 15 (4.2%) 18 (5.0%) 1 (0.3%) 102 (28.4%)
 72 h after ED admission 60 (16.7%) 23 (6.4%) 35 (9.7%) 87 (24.2%) 15 (4.2%) x 18 (5.0%) 3 (0.8%) 106 (29.5%)
 Until hospital discharge 70 (19.5%) 26 (7.2%) 43 (12.0%) 87 (24.2%) 24 (6.7%)xx 22 (6.1%) 12 (3.3%) 112 (31.2%)
Infection (N = 82, 22.8%)
 At ED admission 6 (7.3%) 4 (4.9%) 3 (3.7%) 11 (13.4%) 1 (1.2%) 12 (14.6%)
 24 h after ED admission 7 (8.5%) 4 (4.9%) 4 (4.9%) 11 (13.4%) 2 (2.4%) 2 (2.4%) 0 (0.0%) 15 (18.3%)
 48 h after ED admission 7 (8.5%) 4 (4.9%) 5 (6.1%) 12 (14.6%) 2 (2.4%) 2 (2.4%) 0 (0.0%) 15 (18.3%)
 72 h after ED admission 7 (8.5%) 4 (4.9%) 5 (6.1%) 12 (14.6%) 2 (2.4%) 2 (2.4%) 0 (0.0%) 15 (18.3%)
 Until hospital discharge 10 (12.2%) 6 (7.3%) 6 (7.3%) 14 (17.1%) 4 (4.9%) 3 (6.7%) 1 (1.2%) 18 (22.0%)
Sepsis (N = 277, 77.2%)
 At ED admission 39 (14.1%) 17 (6.1%) 11 (4.0%) 61 (22.0%) 3 (1.1%) 64 (23.1%)
 24 h after ED admission 44 (15.9%) 18 (6.5%) 25 (9.0%) 71 (25.6%) 8 (2.9%) 14 (5.1%) 1 (0.4%) 83 (30.0%)
 48 h after ED admission 50 (18.1%) 19 (6.9%) 28 (10.1%) 71 (25.6%) 13 (4.7%) 16 (5.8%) 1 (0.4%) 87 (31.4%)
 72 h after ED admission 53 (19.1%) 19 (6.9%) 30 (10.8%) 75 (27.1%) 13 (4.7%)x 16 (5.8%) 3 (1.1%) 91 (32.9%)
 Until hospital discharge 60 (21.7%) 20 (7.2%) 37 (13.4%) 73 (26.4%) 20 (7.2%) xx 19 (6.9%) 11 (4.0%) 94 (33.9%)
  1. ED: emergency department; x of which one patient with all three organ systems failing; xx of which four patient with all three organ systems failing