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Table 2 An example of the process of condensation and abstraction, from meaning unit to category

From: “Reality rarely looks like the guidelines”: a qualitative study of the challenges hospital-based physicians encounter in war wound management

Meaning unit Condensed meaning unit Code Sub-category Category
“Clinically, we would just check the wound.” 5a Local infection, assessed by clinical wound investigation Local symptoms of infection Wound assessment and treatment of infection Adherence to protocols and commonly agreed praxis
“So, each time we do change of dressing we will notice these things because we will write down if it’s clean, if it’s dirty and it will affect the plan for how long we are going to doing the… how long we are doing the change of dressing.” 5a Wound assessed for infection in every dressing change, it’s written down and affects the plan for the dressing regimen Dressing change depends on the wound Dressing routines Adherence to protocols and commonly agreed praxis
“My issue was that according to some, you know, here we deal with frequently changed expats, okay. And everyone has almost a background, a medical background, and by that background by one way or another they influence the practice here.” 10a Issue with frequently changing expats and their different backgrounds influencing the practice in the project. Expats use different regimens Mixed messages due to a high turnover of expats Deviations from protocols due to uncertainty or due to deliberate decisions
“Well, I try my hard, my best to take, to, to, not to prescribe actually. AÄ: But sometimes it is difficult? P: Yeah, sometimes difficult, sometimes yeah” 11a Difficult not to prescribe antibiotics when patient or relatives of patient insist Insistent patient hard to resist Deliberate antibiotic prescription deviations Deviations from protocols due to uncertainty or due to deliberate decisions
  1. aParticipant ID