Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of patients with traumatic brain injury according to presence or not of intracranial bleeding on CT scan

From: Predictive factors of intracranial bleeding in head trauma patients receiving antiplatelet therapy admitted to an emergency department

  CT group - CT group + p-value
Patient, N 267 26  
Sex
 Women, n (%) 145 (54%) 11 (52%) 0.24
Age, mean +/− sd 80+/−11.1 80+/−10.5 0.98
  > 65 years, n (%) 237 (88%) 24 (92%) 0.75
  > 75 years, n (%) 209 (78%) 19 (73%) 0.54
Medical history, n (%)
 Stroke 61 (22%) 8 (32%) 0.30
 Cancer 36 (13%) 4 (15%) 0.76
 Major bleeding 9 (3%) 4 (15%) 0.02
 Risk of falling 149 (55%) 19 (73%) 0.10
 Renal or hepatic failure 69 (25%) 5 (19%) 0.45
 Hypertension 158 (63%) 18 (75%) 0.24
Antiplatelet, n (%)
 ASA alone 199 (74.5%) 17 (65.4%) 0.31
 Clopidogrel alone 46 (17.2%) 4 (15.4%) 0.81
 ASA + clopidogrel 18 (6%) 5 (19%) 0.04
 ASA + anti-Gp2b3a 4 (1.5%) 0 (0%) 1
Clinical characteristics, n (%)
 High-energy trauma 35 (13%) 5 (19%) 0.37
 Alcohol 13 (4%) 0 (0%) 0.61
 Loss of consciousness or amnesia 103 (38.5%) 19 (73%) < 0.001
 Headache or vomiting 26 (9.7%) 9 (34.6%) < 0.001
 Glasgow coma scale, median (IQR) 15 [15–15] 14 [13–15] < 0.001
Biological characteristics, n (%)
 Anemia 67 (27%) 8 (30%) 0.68
 Thrombocytopenia 23 (9%) 2 (8%) 1
 CrCl ml/min, median (IQR) 66 [51–84] 65 [52–77] 0.72
  1. CT computed tomography, ASA acetylsalicylic acid, CrCl creatinine clearance, IQR interquartile range