Skip to main content

Table 2 Emergency tracheal intubation, surgery, burn intensive care, and outcomes of patients with electric injury

From: Electrical injury – a dual center analysis of patient characteristics, therapeutic specifics and outcome predictors

  Total (n = 162) > = 1000 V (n = 82) < 1000 V (n = 80) p value
Emergency tracheal Intubation     < 0.001
 On scene EMS; n (%) 60 (37.0) 53 (64.6) 7 (8.8)  
 Resuscitation room; n (%) 14 (8.6) 8 (9.8) 6 (7.5)  
Surgery
 Interventions; mean (SD) 2.77 (3.28) 4.07 (3.70) 1.44 (2.10) < 0.001
 Fasciotomy; n (%) 29 (17.9) 27 (32.9) 2 (2.5) < 0.001
 Split thickness skin graft; n (%) 116 (71.6) 71 (86.6) 45 (56.3) < 0.001
 Flap surgery; n (%) 24 (14.8) 18 (22.0) 6 (7.5) 0.010
 Minor limb amputation; n (%) 23 (14.2) 21 (25.6) 2 (2.5) < 0.001
 Major limb amputation; n (%) 2 (1.2) 2 (2.4) 0 (0.0)  
 Decompression laparotomy; n (%) 5 (3.1) 5 (6.1) 0 (0.0) 0.025
Burn intensive care
 Mechanical ventilation; n (%) 71 (43.8) 59 (72.0) 12 (15.0) < 0.001
 Ventilator days; mean (SD) 3.89 (8.98) 6.83 (10.96) 0.88 (4.79) < 0.001
 Prone positioning/Rotorest®; n (%) 13 (8.0) 12 (14.6) 1 (1.3) 0.002
 Renal replacement therapy; n (%) 18 (11.1) 17 (20.7) 1 (1.3) < 0.001
 Sepsis; n (%) 31 (19.1) 26 (31.7) 5 (6.3) < 0.001
Outcome
 LOS BICU, days; mean (SD) 20.98 (20.54) 29.49 (22.62) 12.25 (13.52) < 0.001
 30-day mortality; n (%) 11 (6.8) 11 (13.4) 0 (0.0) < 0.001
 Hospital mortality; n (%) 17 (10.5) 15 (18.3) 2 (2.5) < 0.001
  1. SD standard deviation, EMS emergency medical service, LOS length of stay, BICU burn intensive care unit
  2. italicized p values indicate statistical significance (p < 0.05)