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Table 5 Overview over the study results for professional paramedics only

From: Primary mass casualty incident triage: evidence for the benefit of yearly brief re-training from a simulation study

Part A: Level of triage procedures Professional Paramedics only (N1 = 460) Statistical comparisons Test
  Initial assessment (N1 = 210) 2nd assessment (N1 = 90) 3rd assessment (after re-training) (N1 = 160) 2nd vs. Initial 3rd vs. Initial 3rd vs. 2nd  
 Time since initial training (months) 0 15.2 (15.0–15.7) 25.0 (22.0–28.2)     
 Accuracy (triage category correct) 84% (79–89) 71% (62–81) 88% (82–93) 0.024 1.000 0.003 A
 Sensitivity 88% (81–95) 73% (58–88) 93% (86–100) 0.073 1.000 0.016 A
 Specificity 88% (82–94) 79% (68–91) 87% (81–94) 0.355 1.000 0.496 A
 Under-triage 10% (6–14) 16% (8–23) 4% (1–7) 0.370 0.104 0.005 A
 Critical under-triage 5% (2–8) 11% (4–18) 3% (0–5) 0.121 0.733 0.012 A
 Over-triage 6% (3–10) 13% (6–20) 9% (5–14) 0.137 0.861 0.860 A
 Critical over-triage 6% (3–9) 12% (5–19) 8% (4–12) 0.169 1.000 0.743 A
 Airway handling accurate 91% (87–95) 77% (68–86) 98% (95–100) 0.000 0.088 0.000 A
 Bleeding management accurate 93% (89–96) 83% (75–91) 94% (91–98) 0.019 1.000 0.008 A
 Time requirement (sec) 34.1 (31.8–36.4) 29.1 (25.8–32.3) 29.5 (26.6–32.3) 0.063 0.031 1.000 A
 Time requirement (sec) weighed 23.7 (21.2–26.1) 20.7 (17.5–23.9) 23.2 (20.4–25.9) 0.513 1.000 0.815 A
Part B: Level of providers Professional Paramedics only Statistical comparisons Test
  Initial assessment (N2 = 18) 2nd assessment (N2 = 9) 3rd assessment (after re-training) (N2 = 14) 2nd vs. Initial 3rd vs. Initial 3rd vs. 2nd  
 Performance measure 95 (93–96) 90 (87–92) 97 (95–98) 0.023 0.209 0.061 T
 Pass rate (≥ 90% performance) 89% (72–100) 33% (0–69) 93% (76–100) 0.014 0.564 0.046 W
  1. Values are means and 95% confidence intervals. N1 number of triage procedures analyzed, N2 number of triage providers analyzed. Statistical testing: A ANOVA, T paired T-Test, W Wilcoxon Test. Bold text indicates statistically significant changes. indicates decline; indicates improvement