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Table 1 Characteristics of Adult Blunt Trauma Survivors (n = 3414)

From: One-year and three-year mortality prediction in adult major blunt trauma survivors: a National Retrospective Cohort Analysis

   Number (%) / mean (SD) / median (IQR)
Demographics Male 2299 (67.3)
Age, mean (SD) 59.8 (21.3)
Injury Severity ISS, median (IQR) 17 (14–25)
NISS, median (IQR) 22 (17–29)
Head and Neck AIS ≥3 2137 (62.3)
Face AIS ≥3 36 (1.1)
Thorax AIS ≥3 942 (27.6)
Abdomen AIS ≥3 309 (9.1)
Extremity AIS ≥3 601 (17.6)
Polytrauma (anatomical: AIS of ≥ 3 in ≥ 2 body regions) 585 (17.1)
RTS, median (IQR) 7.8 (7.8–7.8)
GCS, median (IQR) 15 (14–15)
Mechanism of Injury Motor Vehicle 208 (6.1)
Motorcycle 723 (21.2)
Pedestrian 124 (3.6)
Other Road Injury 211 (6.2)
Low fall (0–0.5 m, inclusive) 1556 (45.6)
Non-low-fall (more than 0.5 m or unknown) 394 (11.5)
Assault 74 (2.2)
Blunt-other 124 (3.6)
Co-morbidities Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) score 0 2434 (71.9)
CCI 1 649 (19.2)
CCI 2 206 (6.1)
CCI 3 and above 98 (2.9)
Diabetes mellitus 547 (16.0)
Hyperlipidemia 404 (11.8)
Hypertension 246 (7.2)
Cancer 107 (3.1)
  Alcohol use prior to injury 251 (7.4)
Blood Products Number of patients requiring blood transfusion 261 (7.6)
Number of units of blood transfused, mean (SD) 0.3 (5.2)
Number of patients requiring other blood products 37 (1.1)
Surgical Procedures Neurosurgical 487 (14.3)
Orthopedic 899 (26.3)
Laparotomy 105 (3.1)
Tracheostomy 100 (2.9)
Complications Pneumonia 94 (2.8)
Fluid and electrolyte disorders 133 (3.9)
Urinary Tract Infection 145 (4.2)
Admission Number of patients admitted to the intensive care unit at any time during admission 753 (22.1)
Number of patients admitted to high dependency (including intermediate care) at any time during admission 1429 (41.9)
Total length of stay in hospital, median number of days (IQR) 9.4 (4.2–21.3)
  Transferred in from another hospitala 131 (3.8)
  Admitted > 24 h post-injurya 167 (4.9)
Mortality 1-year mortality 247 (7.2)
3-year mortality 551 (16.1)
Discharge Destination Home 2406 (70.5)
Rehabilitation 614 (18.0)
Transferred to other facility, institution or step-down care 394 (11.5)
  1. aincludes 8 patients who were transferred from another hospital and admitted > 24 h post-injury