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Table 2 Characteristics of patients with traumatic spinal cord injury by period

From: Change in the profile of traumatic spinal cord injury over 15 years in Spain

  2001–2005 2006–2010 2011–2015 Total (%) p-value
n (%) n (%) n (%)
Sex Male 91 (78.4) 64 (84.2) 71(78.9) 226 (80.1) 0.58
Female 25 (21.6) 12 (15.8) 19 (21.1) 56 (19.9)
Aetiology Traffic 52 (44.8) 28 (36.8) 23 (25.6) 103 (36.5) 0.05
Fall 41 (35.3) 34 (44.7) 49 (54.4) 124 (44)
Dive 13 (11.2 4 (5.3) 8 (8.9) 25 (8.9)
Other 10 (8.6) 10 (13.2) 10 (11.1) 30 (10.6)
Level of injury Cervical 57 (49.1) 40 (52.6) 47 (52.2) 144 (50.9) 0.76
Thoracic 40 (34.5) 26 (34.2) 34 (38.2) 90 (35.6)
Lumbar 19 (16.4) 10 (13.2) 9 (10.1) 38 (13.5)
Type of injury Complete 53 (45.7) 39 (51.3) 50 (55.6) 142 (50.4) 0.37
Incomplete 63 (54.3) 37 (48.7) 40 (44.4) 140 (49.6)
ASIA score A 53 (48.6) 37 (52.9) 46 (56.1) 136 (52.1) 0.85
B 9 (8.3) 6 (8.6) 3 (3.7) 18 (6.9)
C 14 (12.8) 10 (14.3) 13 (15.9) 37 (14.2)
D 30 (27.5) 14 (20) 18 (22) 62 (23.8)
E 3 (2.8) 3 (4.3) 2 (2.4) 8 (3.1)
Neurological category CT 24 (20.7) 17 (22.4) 18 (20) 49 (20.9) 0.73
IT 33 (28.4) 23 (30.3) 28 (31.1) 84 (29.8)
CP 29 (25) 22 (28.9) 29 (32.2) 80 (28.4)
IP 30 (25.9) 14 (18.4) 15 (16.7) 59 (20.9)
  1. (Neurological category: CT Complete Tetraplegia, IT Incomplete Tetraplegia, CP Complete Paraplegia, IP Incomplete Paraplegia)