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Table 2 Fourteen drowning publications and their use of the 22 core and 19 supplemental USFD parameters

From: Review of 14 drowning publications based on the Utstein style for drowning

Study Year of publication Country Study description Victims Category USFD parameters
(N) Adults/Children Core (%) Supplemental (%)
Eich et al. [3] 2007 Germany Retrospective chart review on out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) due to drowning and sustained resuscitation with CPB 12 Children 19 (86.4%) 11 (57.9%)
Grmec et al. [4] 2009 Slovenia Retrospective chart review comparing the data of 528 primary cardiac arrest victims with 32 drowning victims 32 Adults 8 (36.4%) 3 (15.8%)
Youn et al. [5] 2009 South Korea Prospective study on OHCA due to drowning 131 Adults and Children 19 (86.4%) 8 (42.1%)
Venema et al. [6] 2010 Netherlands Retrospective study on bystander rescue and resuscitation 343 Adults and Children 14 (63.6%) 12 (63.2%)
Choi et al. [7] 2012 South Korea Retrospective chart review on OHCA due to drowning and treatment with therapeutic hypothermia 20 Adults 15 (68.2%) 8 (42.1%)
Vähätalo et al. [8] 2014 Finland Retrospective chart review of drowning children under 16 years of age who were hospitalized or died due to drowning 58 Children 12 (54.5%) 4 (21.1%)
Joanknegt et al. [9] 2015 South Africa Retrospective chart review of drowning victims to inform prevention strategies 75 Children 13 (59.1%) 5 (26.3%)
Kieboom et al. [10] 2015 Netherlands Retrospective chart review on hypothermic drowning victims with OHCA 160 Children 13 (59.1%) 5 (26.3%)
Hunsucker et al. [11] 2011 USA Retrospective chart review on rescue reports of drowning victims with loss of spontaneous respiration in a waterpark environment 32 Adults and Children 6 (27.3%) 2 (10.5%)
Allan et al. [12] 2010 USA retrospective chart review on US military drowning victims in in Iraq 8 Adults 10 (45.5%) 11 (57.9%)
Ma et al. [13] 2010 China matched case control study on non-fatal drowning 325 Children 7 (31.8%) 1 (5.3%)
Wanscher et al. [14] 2012 Denmark Retrospective review of a boating accident involving drowning victims and non-drowning victims with accidental hypothermia. 15 Adults and Children 18 (81.1%) 10 (52.6%)
Orlowski et al. [15] 2012 USA Retrospective chart review on drowning occurring during a visit to relatives or friends 100 Children 8 (36.4%) 3 (15.8%)
Champigneulle et al. [16] 2015 France Retrospective chart review on drowning victims with OHCA treated with extracorporeal life support 43 Adults and Children 17 (77.3%) 9 (47.4%)