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Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: Bedside analysis of the sublingual microvascular glycocalyx in the emergency room and intensive care unit – the GlycoNurse study

Variable Total ICU ER P value
Number of patients (n; %) 70 (100) 25 (35.7) 45 (64.3)  
Female sex (n; %) 37 (53) 15 (60) 22 (49) 0.46
Age (years, median (IQR)) 61 (47.5–73.25) 63 (58–75.5) 58 (33.5–73) 0.07
BMI (kg/m2, median (IQR)) 25.16
(22.29–28.48)
26.75
(24.89–32.16)
24.15
(21.98–26.28)
0.005
Diabetes Mellitus (n; %) 13 (19%) 6 (24%) 7 (16%) 0.52
CCI score (median (IQR)) 2 (0–4) 2 (0.5–4) 1 (0–4) 0.51
SOFA score (median (IQR)) 1 (0–2) 3 (1–6.5) 0 (0–1) < 0.0001
Causes of admission/presentation
 Infection/Sepsis (n; %) 28 (40) 11 (44) 17 (37.8)  
 ACS/Congestive heart failure (n; %) 11 (16) 8 (32) 3 (7)  
 OHCA (n; %) 3 (4) 3 (12) 0 (0)  
 Abdominal (n; %) 5 (7.1) 0 (0) 5 (11.1)  
 Syncope/Arrhythmia (n; %) 7 (10) 0 (0) 7 (16)  
 Other (n; %) 16 (23) 3 (12) 13 (29)  
Hemodynamic data (median (IQR))
 PBR (μm) 2.41 (2.26–2.61) 2.58 (2.29–2.72) 2.32 (2.24–2.53) 0.033
 MAP (mmHg) 89.67 (75–101) 74.5 (70.67–85.5) 95 (86.33–106.7) < 0.0001
 Heart Rate (pulse/min) 79 (69–94) 85 (74.25–103.8) 79 (66–93) 0.12
 Respiratory Rate (breaths/min) 19 (17.25–22.75) 21 (19–23.75) 18 (15–22) 0.004
 Temperature (°C) 36.8 (36.5–37.18) 36.9 (36.53–37.28) 36.7 (36.5–37) 0.33
Laboratory data (median (IQR))
 WBC count (/μl) 9215
(7055–13,100)
12,730
(8755–15,510)
8060
(6205–10,720)
0.002
 CRP (mg/dl) 2.25 (0.5–12.28) 9.8 (4–13.7) 0.9 (0.5–4.05) < 0.0001
 Lactate (mmol/l) 1.1 (0.9–1.7) 1.1 (0.9–1.55) 1.3 (1–1.7) 0.43
  1. ACS = acute coronary syndrome, BMI = body mass index, CCI score = Charlson comorbidity index, CRP = C-reactive protein, IQR = interquartile range, MAP = mean arterial pressure, OHCA = out of hospital cardiac arrest, SOFA score = sequential organ failure assessment score, WBC = white blood cell