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Table 1 Demographic and clinical data between survivors and non-survivors

From: Predictors of hospital mortality in adult trauma patients receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for advanced life support: a retrospective cohort study

  Survivor (n = 21) Non-survivor (n = 15) P
Pre-ECMO demographic data
 Age (year) 37 (26–51) 35 (27–47) 0.85
 Male 19 (90) 12 (80) 0.63
 ISS 25 (17–38) 41 (25–75) 0.03*
 Traumatic brain injury 1 (5) 3 (20) 0.29
 MV hours 14 (6–126) 26 (9–50) 0.87
 Damage control intervention 13 (62) 10 (67) 0.77
 ER-to-ECMO hours 21 (9–149) 37 (14–52) 0.75
Data obtained just before ECMO
 pH 7.29 (7.10–7.40) 7.20 (6.91–7.32) 0.14
 Mean arterial pressure (mmHg)a 71 (53–92) 50 (44–59) 0.01*
 PaO2 (mmHg) 53 (43–67) 47 (40–70) 0.55
 PaCO2 (mmHg) 45 (39–70) 52 (46–87) 0.19
 PaO2/FiO2 (mmHg) 54 (46–67) 49 (40–83) 070
 Peak inspiratory pressure (cmH2O) 35 (31–38) 36 (32–48) 0.21
 PEEP (cmH2O) 20 (15–24) 21 (15–24) 0.88
 Hemoglobin (g/dL) 11 (9–14) 13 (9–15) 0.57
 Platelet count (×  109/L) 178 (90–199) 94 (69–190) 0.28
 aPTT (second) 32 (28–41) 40 (35–62) 0.04*
Venovenous ECMO 16 (76) 6 (40) 0.03*
ECMO-assisted CPR 2 (10) 3 (20) 0.63
Complication on ECMO
 Major bleeding 4 (19) 8 (53) 0.07
 Requiring CRRT 3 (14) 7 (47) 0.06
 Brain event 4 (19) 3 (20) 1.0
ECMO hour 143 (76–219) 111 (36–297) 0.47
Hospital day 44 (29–78) 10 (5–23) < 0.001*
  1. Numerical variables are presented as median and interquartile range (IQR). Categorical variables are presented as number (percentage)
  2. aPTT Activated partial thromboplastin time, CPR Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, CRRT Continuous renal replacement therapy, ECMO Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, ER Emergency room, ISS Injury severity score, MV hour Mechanical ventilation hours before ECMO, PEEP Positive end-expiratory pressure, Brain event Brain hemorrhage or infarction
  3. aExclude patients with refractory cardiac arrest and requiring ECMO-assisted CPR
  4. *: p <  0.05