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Table 3 Mortality by aetiology of hypoglycaemic patients without diabetes (plasma glucose ≤3.9 mmol/l)

From: Hypoglycaemia without diabetes encountered by emergency medical services: a retrospective cohort study

Aetiology N 24 h %, (95% CI) 30 days %, (95% CI) 1 year %, (95% CI)
Alcohol abuse 1594 1.0, (0.6–1.6) 2.2, (1.6–3.0) 6.0, (4.9–7.2)
Hypothermia 662 5.6, (4.1–7.6) 10.4, (8.3–13.0) 14.8, (12.3–17.7)
Malnutrition 650 1.8, (1.1–3.2) 7.8, (6.0–10.1) 13.2, (10.8–16.0)
Neurological disorders 571 1.4, (0.7–2.7) 4.7, (3.3–6.8) 8.8, (6.7–11.4)
Acute sympathetic nervous system activation and peripheral vasoconstriction 214 3.7, (1.9–7.2) 5.6, (3.2–9.6) 9.8, (6.5–14.5)
Infection 544 5.2, (3.7–7.4) 12.8, (10.3–15.9) 20.1, (16.9–23.6)
Intoxication 517 0.6, (0.2–1.7) 1.7, (0.9–3.3) 3.7, (2.4–5.7)
Renal failure 166 16.9, (11.9–23.3) 36.8, (29.8–44.3) 48.8, (41.3–56.3)
Liver failure 119 19.3, (13.2–27.3) 42.9, (34.3–51.8) 50.4, (41.6–59.3)
Malignancies 116 12.9, (8.0–20.2) 38.8, (30.4–47.9) 51.7, (42.7–60.6)
Congestive heart failure 81 13.6, (7.8–22.7) 29.6, (20.8–40.3) 46.9, (36.4–57.7)
Unspecified fatigue, dizziness 50 0.0, (0.0–7.1) 0.0, (0.0–7.1) 4.0, (1.1–13.5)
Endocrine disorders 27 0.0, (0.0–12.5) 0.0, (0.0–12.5) 7.4, (2.1–23.4)
Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and subsequent resuscitation 20 50.0, (29.9–70.1) 55.0, (34.2–74.2) 60.0, (38.7–78.1)
Unknown 154 0.0, (0.0–2.4) 0.7, (0.1–3.6) 2.0, (0.7–5.6)
Not transferred to hospital 1552 1.0, (0.6–1.6) 1.8, (1.3–2.6) 4.1, (3.2–5.2)
  1. N = 3856. Data are presented as percentage with 95% confidence interval