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Table 2 Non-diabetic aetiological causes by all (plasma glucose ≤3.9 mmol/l) and serious hypoglycaemia (plasma glucose ≤3.0 mmol/l)

From: Hypoglycaemia without diabetes encountered by emergency medical services: a retrospective cohort study

  ≤3.9 mmol/l ≤3.0 mmol/l
N 3856 910
Alcohol abuse 41.4, (39.8–42.9) 42.2, (39.0–45.4)
Hypothermia 17.2, (16.0–18.4) 27.4, (24.6–30.4)
Malnutrition 17.0, (15.8–18.2) 25.1, (22.4–28.0)
Intoxication 13.5, (12.4–14.6) 11.7, (9.7–13.9)
Infections 14.3, (13.3–15.5) 20.1, (17.6–22.8)
Acute sympathetic nervous system activation and peripheral vasoconstriction 5.6, (4.9–6.3) 3.9, (2.8–5.3)
Renal failure 4.3, (3.7–5.0) 9.0, (7.3–11.1)
Liver failure 3.1, (2.6–3.7) 8.5, (6.8–10.5)
Congestive heart failure 2.1, (1.7–2.6) 2.9, (1.9–4.2)
Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest 0.5, (0.3–0.8) 1.1, (0.6–2.0)
Neurological disorders 14.8, (13.7–16.0) 9.2, (7.5–11.3)
Endocrinological disorders 0.7, (0.5–1.0) 2.1, (1.3–3.3)
Malignancies 3.0, (2.5–3.6) 5.8, (4.5–7.6)
Unspecified fatigue, unspecified dizziness 1.3, (1.0–1.7) 0.4, (0.1–1.2)
Unknown 4.0, (3.4–4.7) 2.4, (1.6–3.7)
  1. Data are presented as percentage with 95% confidence interval