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Table 1 Demographics, vital signs, previous comorbidities, transportation, and overall mortality rate of patient cases with diabetes and without diabetes

From: Hypoglycaemia without diabetes encountered by emergency medical services: a retrospective cohort study

  All patients (N = 13,135) Patients with diabetes (N = 7668) Patients without diabetes (N = 5467)
Age (years) 54, (38–67) 57, (44–68) 48, (30–63)
Age ≥ 65 year (%) 28, (28–29) 33, (32–34) 22, (21–24)
Sex, male (%) 63.4, (62.6–64.2) 65.2, (64.2–66.3) 60.8, (59.5–62.1)
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 136, (120–153) 139, (123–158) 132, (116–148)
Temperature (°C) 36.3, (35.5–36.8) 36.0, (35.2–36.5) 36.5, (36.0–37.1)
Blood oxygen saturation, median (%) 97, (95–99) 97, (95–99) 97, (95–99)
Heart rate (/min) 85, (73–99) 82, (72–95) 89, (75–104)
Respiratory rate (/min) 16, (14–18) 16, (14–17) 16, (14–18)
First prehospital glucose, (mmol/l) 2.8, (1.6–3.6) 1.8, (1.2–2.8) 3.6, (3.2–3.8)
GCS 12, (0–15) 9, (0–15) 14, (0–15)
Hypertension (%) 18, (17–18) 23, (22–24) 10.2, (9.4–11.0)
Atrial fibrillation (%) 2.1, (1.9–2.4) 2.3, (2.0–2.7) 1.9, (1.5–2.2)
Chronic alcoholism (%) 1.8, (1.5–2.0) 0.7, (0.6–1.0) 3.2, (2.7–3.7)
Chronic renal failure (%) 1.8, (1.6–2.1) 2.8, (2.5–3.2) 0.5, (0.3–0.7)
Chronic liver failure (%) 0.3, (0.2–0.4) 0.3, (0.2–0.4) 0.3, (0.2–0.5)
Dementia (%) 1.5, (1.3–1.7) 1.7, (1.4–2.0) 1.3, (1.0–1.7)
Glucose (iv/po) administered (%) 49.3, (48.4–50.1) 71.9, (70.9–72.9) 17.5, (16.5–18.6)
Transported to hospital (%) 48.8, (48.0–49.7) 32.6, (31.5–33.6) 71.6, (70.4–72.8)
A 2.6, (2.2–3.0) 2.1, (1.6–2.8) 2.8, (2.4–3.4)
B 7.3, (6.7–7.9) 5.9, (5.0–6.9) 8.2, (7.4–9.1)
C 60.9, (59.7–62.1) 65.3, (63.4–57.2) 58.1, (56.6–59.7)
D 29.3, (28.2–30.4) 26.7, (25.0–28.5) 30.9, (29.5–32.4)
Overall mortality rate of plasma glucose ≤3.9 mmol/l (%) 11.3, (10.8–11.9) 9.8, (9.2–10.5) 13.4, (12.6–14.4)
Overall mortality rate of plasma glucose ≤3.0 mmol/l (%) 10.4, (9.7–11.1) 8.6, (8.0–9.4) 20.1, (17.9–22.6)
  1. Abbreviations: GCS = Glasgow Coma Score, A, B, C, and D = dispatch codes. A = highest priority to D = lowest priority
  2. Data are presented as median and interquartile range except for sex and transportation, which are presented as percentage with 95% confidence interval