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Table 1 Grouped and condensed items for Paediatric Basic Life Support

From: What should be included in the assessment of laypersons’ paediatric basic life support skills? Results from a Delphi consensus study

Paediatric Basic Life Support
Item number Item Description Delphi round Responses (n) Distribution of likert ratings (%) Wilcoxon signed-rank test (p-value)
1 2 3 4 5
1 Safety Own safety and safety of the child Second 26 4 12 8 15 62 0.24
Third 23 0 13 22 22 44
2 Responsiveness Recognition of unresponsiveness Second 26 0 0 12 27 62 0.56
Third 23 0 0 0 35 65
3 Call for help Recognizing need for help and alerting surroundings both by loud verbal call out and using telephone Second 26 0 0 8 23 69 >0.99
Third 21 0 0 10 14 76
4 Open airway Ability to establish open airways including mouth inspection, appropriate head and jaw positioning. Second 26 0 4 8 31 58 0.02
Third 23 0 0 4 22 74
5 Check breathing Assessment of breathing and recognition of respiratory arrest or abnormal breathing Second 26 0 0 15 46 39 0.73
Third 23 0 0 9 65 26
6 Rescue breaths Ability to provide high quality initial rescue breaths Second 25 0 4 0 40 56 0.56
Third 23 0 0 4 35 61
7 Compressions High quality compressions. Adequate rate, compression depth and correct hand placement Second 26 0 0 0 15 85 0.25
Third 23 0 0 0 0 100
8 Ventilations High quality ventilations in general during CPR. Adequate thoracic rise. Second 26 0 0 12 27 62 0.28
Third 23 0 0 4 22 74
9 Compression ventilation coordination Deliver efficient compressions and ventilations in coordination Second 26 0 8 15 62 15 0.31
Third 21 0 5 24 57 14
10 Call emergency medical service (EMS) / Communication with EMS Ability to provide adequate information to emergency medical service by telephone Second 26 4 8 15 23 50 0.27
Third 21 0 10 38 29 24
11 Two rescuers modifications Ability to perform two rescuer CPR Second 26 8 8 39 42 4 0.04
Third 22 9 14 59 18 0
12 Time factor Ability to act effectively with minimised hands off time, no delays in treatment and fast call for help Second 26 0 0 19 46 35 0.59
Third 21 0 0 14 48 38
13 Signs of life assessment Ability to recognize signs of life to evaluate circulation Second 25 0 8 20 52 20 0.82
Third 23 0 9 26 52 13
14 Recovery Ability to recognize changes in condition (i.e. return of spontaneous circulation) and act appropriately Second 26 8 8 27 54 4 0.40
Third 22 5 9 59 27 0
15 Adherence to algorithm Ability to follow guidelines and do procedures in the right sequence Second 26 0 8 39 39 15 0.03
Third 22 0 14 68 18 0
16 Non technical skills Situational awareness, communication skills, use of available resources Second 26 8 12 46 23 12 0.05
Third 22 5 27 46 23 0
17 Prevention of cardiac arrest Recognize deteriorating conditions and call for help to prevent cardiac arrest Second 25 0 16 20 28 36 0.68
Third 23 0 13 30 39 17
18 Allow for algorithm modification if not wanting to do ventilations Appropriate action of continued compressions and call for help when not wanting or able to do ventilations Second 26 8 12 31 31 19 0.06
Third 23 4 17 48 30 0
19 Use of AED Appropriate use of and call for Automatic External defibrillator Second 26 0 0 23 46 31 0.28
Third 23 0 0 17 74 9
  1. The table shows the grouped and condensed items based on the participants responses in the first Delphi consensus round. Text in italics shows alterations in descriptions from the second to the third round
  2. The table presents the distribution of ratings from the second and the third Delphi consensus round and Wilcoxon signed rank test of third round vs. second round distribution of scores for Paediatric Basic Life Support. Sum of percentages may not equal 100 due to rounding of percentages