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Table 4 Result of mapping compliance of Danish first aid books

From: Danish first aid books compliance with the new evidence-based non-resuscitative first aid guidelines

Category Item Book a Book b Book c Book d Book e Book f Book g Book h Book i Book j +/-
1. Optimal position for a shock victim 1.a Is shock defined as a condition with failing circulation? + - + + + + - + - + 7/3
1.b Is it mentioned that persons with shock should be placed in the supine position? + + + + + + + + + + 10/0
1.c Is it mentioned that leg should be raised by “passive leg rise”, if there is no sign of trauma? - - - - - - + - - - 1/9
2. Bronchodilator administration 2.a Is it mentioned that one should assist individuals with asthma in taking their inhalators/bronchodilators if they have difficulty breathing? + + + + - - + + + + 8/2
2.b Is there an explanation on how to use an inhalator or other bronchodilators? - - - - - - - - - - 0/10
3. Stroke recognition 3. Is there an explained system for the recognition of stroke? + + + + + - + + - + 8/2
4. Aspirin administration for chest pain 4. Does the book instruct in the use of acetylsalicylic acid/aspirin (ASA) for chest pain due to suspected myocardial infarction (ACS/AMI)? - - - - - - - - - - 0/10
5. Second dose of adrenaline for anaphylaxis 5. Is it recommended giving a second (repeated) intramuscular dose of adrenaline to persons with anaphylaxis? - - - - - - - - - - 0/10
6. Hypoglycaemia treatment 6. Does the book instruct readers to give glucose tablets of 15–20 g or equal glucose containing substance to persons with symptomatic hypoglycemia? + - + + + - + + + + 8/2
7. Exertion-related dehydration and rehydration therapy 7. Is it recommended to a se 3–8% oral carbohydrate–electrolyte beverages for rehydration of individuals with simple exercise-induced dehydration? - - + - - - - - - - 1/9
8. Eye injury from chemical exposure 8. Is it recommended irrigating eye injuries due to exposure to a chemical substance, with water? + - + + + + + + + + 9/1
9. Control of bleeding 9.a Is it recommended to apply direct pressure, (with or without a dressing) to control external bleeding? + + + + + + + + + + 10/0
9.b Is it advised against the use of proximal pressure points, that is pressure applied centrally relative to the wound? - - - - - - - - - - 0/10
9.c Is it advised against the elevation of extremities? - - - - - - - - - - 0/10
10. Use of a tourniquet 10. Does the book instruct readers to use a tourniquet when direct wound pressure cannot control severe external bleeding in a limb? - - + - + + - + - - 4/6
11. Straightening an angulated fracture 11.a Does the books state that on should not straighten an angulated long bone fracture? - - - - - - + - - - 1/9
11.b Is the reader instructed to leave angulated fractures immobilized in the position in which it was found (possibly with a splint)? + + + + + + + + + + 10/0
12. First aid treatment for an open chest wound 12.a Is it clear that one should leave an open chest wound exposed to freely communicate with the external environment without applying a dressing, or cover the wound? - - - - - - - - - - 0/10
12.b Is it described that one should stop localized bleeding on the chest with direct pressure? + - - - - - - - - - 1/9
12.c Is it clear that dressing an open chest wound should only be done with a non-occlusive dressing (e.g. with a valve)? + + + + + - + + + - 8/2
13. Spinal motion restriction 13.a Does the book advise against the use of a cervical collar (e.g. Stiffneck)? - - - - - - - - - - 0/10
13.b Is it recommended to manually support the head in position limiting angular movement? + - + + + + + + + + 9/1
14. Cooling of burns 14. Is it clear one should actively cool thermal burns as soon as possible and for a minimum of 10 minutes duration, using water? - - - + + + + - - - 4/6
15. Burn dressings 15. Is it clear that subsequent to cooling, burns should be dressed with a loose sterile dressing? - - - - - - - - - - 0/10
16. Dental avulsion 16.a Does the text state avulsed teeth should be placed in one of the following solutions if not able to immediately re-implanted? + - - - - - + - - + 3/7
1). Balanced salt solution? - - - - + - + + - + 4/6
2). Propolis? - - - - - - - - - - 0/10
3). Eggwhite? - - - - - - - - - - 0/10
4). Coconut water? - - - - - - - - - - 0/10
5). Phosphate buffered Saline? - - - - - - - - - - 0/10
6). Milk? + - + + + + + + + + 9/10
16.b Does the book state that one should contact a dentist at dental avulsion? + + + + + - - + - + 7/3
Total compliant answers (number of “Yes” answer of 32 possible): 14 7 14 13 14 9 15 14 9 13