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Table 4 Outcome indicators

From: Severe thoracic trauma – still an independent predictor for death in multiple injured patients?

  Total n = 529 STT AIS Thorax ≥3 n = 317 MTT AIS Thorax <3 n = 212 P-value
Organ failure (n / %) 344 / 65.0 221 / 69.7 123 / 58.0 0.004
Organ failure lungs (n / %) 101 / 19.1 75 / 23.7 26 / 12.3 0.001
ECMO (n / %) 9 / 1.7 9 / 2.8 0 / 0.0 0.010
Multi-organ failure (n / %) 207 / 39.1 133 / 42.0 74 / 34.9 0.062
Sepsis (n / %) 48 / 9.1 36 / 11.4 12 / 5.7 0.017
Thromboembolic event (n / %) 29 / 5.5 20 / 6.3 9 / 4.2 0.497
Length of intubation days ( ± SD) 6.6 (± 8.7) 7.3 (± 8.7) 5.4 (± 8.7) 0.001
Length of stay on ICU days ( ± SD) 11.1 (± 11.7) 12.3 (± 11.6) 9.4 (± 11.7) <0.001
Length of stay in hospital days ( ± SD) 21.0 (± 15.4) 22.1 (± 16.0) 19.4 (± 14.3) 0.049
Mortality (n / %) 71 / 13.4 42 / 13.2 29 / 13.7 0.493
Standardized Mortality Ratio (SMR) 0.71 0.66 0.80 0.397
Glasgow Outcome Scale ≥4 (n / %) 368 / 69.6 224 / 70.7 144 / 67.9 0.289