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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Low sensitivity of qSOFA, SIRS criteria and sepsis definition to identify infected patients at risk of complication in the prehospital setting and at the emergency department triage

   Severity of the infection within 6 h of ED admission
  All patients Infection group Sepsis group
Demographics
 N (%) 886 (100) 454 (51.2) 432 (48.8)
 Male (%) 462 (52.1) 232 (51.1) 230 (53.2)
 Mean age (min-max) 80 (22–102) 80 (22–100) 79 (25–102)
 Immunosuppressiona (%) 131 (14.8) 53 (11.7) 78 (18.1)
Outcomes
 ICU admissions (%) 80 (9.0) 7 (1.5) 73 (16.9)
 ICU stay of ≥3 days (%) 59 (73.8) 4 (57.1) 55 (75.3)
 Mortality at 48 h (%) 25 (2.8) 2 (0.4) 23 (5.3)
Focus of infection
 Respiratory (%) 486 (54.9) 209 (46.0) 277 (64.1)
 Genitourinatory (%) 178 (20.1) 111 (24.5) 67 (15.5)
 Gastrointestinal (%) 115 (13.0) 74 (16.3) 41 (9.5)
 Skin/joint (%) 66 (7.5) 48 (10.6) 18 (4.2)
 Central nervous system (%) 8 (0.9) 1 (0.2) 7 (1.6)
 Endocarditis (%) 4 (0.5) 2 (0.4) 2 (0.5)
 Other (%) 17 (1.9) 5 (1.1) 12 (2.8)
 Unknownb (%) 12 (1.4) 5 (1.1) 7 (1.6)
  1. Data are presented as n (%)
  2. Infection group: infected patients without organ dysfunction. Sepsis group: including septic shocks; infected patients with organ dysfunction
  3. ED emergency department, ICU intensive care unit
  4. aIncluded human immunodeficiency virus, chronic steroid use (>1 month) and cancer
  5. bInfection suspected, but no pathogen and/or site identified