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Table 1 Patient and mission epidemiology for Rega diving accident missions

From: Specialist advice may improve patient selection for decompression therapy following diving accidents: a retrospective observational study

   2005 (n = 11) 2006 (n = 10) 2007 (n = 16) 2008 (n = 12) 2009 (n = 15) 2010 (n = 12) 2011 (n = 11) 2012 (n = 13) 2013 (n = 10) 2014 (n = 6) Total (n = 116)
Age (years)   41 (8) 30 (10) 35 (7) 44 (7) 42 (11) 41 (12) 39 (13) 39 (11) 52 (13) 35 (8) 40 (11)
Gender (male)   10 (91%) 8 (80%) 12 (75%) 10 (83%) 10 (67%) 11 (92%) 9 (82%) 9 (69%) 10 (100%) 6 (100%) 95 (82%)
Heart rate (1/min.)   63 (35) 88 (18) 79 (15) 90 (20) 91 (18) 82 (19) 81 (13) 88 (13) 100 (30) 95 (9) 85 (22)
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)   114 (51) 135 (16) 127 (25) 140 (10) 120 (17) 130 (29) 141 (15) 123 (9) 130 (26) 112 (10) 127 (24)
Diving depth (m)   26 (14) 44 (14) 44 (26) 38 (9) 51 (48) 40 (15) 40 (7) 36 (11) 51 (25) 69 (36) 44 (25)
Diving time (min.)   34 (7) 20 (7) 22 (21) 27 (15) 40 (46) 45 (11) 29 (27) 32 (17) 29 (10) 89 (102) 36 (35)
On site intubation   0 1 (10%) 4 (25%) 2 (17%) 3 (20%) 1 (8%) 2 (18%) 2 (15%) 2 (20%) 0 17 (15%)
On site CPR   2 (18%) 1 (10%) 3 (19%) 2 (17%) 3 (21%) 1 (8%) 2 (18%) 2 (15%) 3 (30%) 0 19 (17%)
DCI suspected by emergency physician % of diving accident 9/11 (82%) 9/10 (90%) 14/16 (88%) 10/12 (83%) 12/15 (80%) 10/12 (83%) 7/11 (64%) 10/13 (77%) 9/10 (90%) 6/6 (100%) 96/116 (83%)
DCI type suspected by emergency physician light 0 3 1 2 1 0 1 0 0 0  
severe 8 6 10 8 9 6 5 9 8 6  
n/c 1 0 3 0 2 4 1 1 1 0  
DAN contact % of DCI 3/9 (33%) 5/9 (56%) 7/14 (50%) 7/10 (70%) 8/12 (67%) 9/10 (90%) 5/7 (71%) 8/10 (80%) 8/9 (89%) 6/6 (100%) 66/96 (69%)
Transport to HBO facility % of DCI 7/9 (78%) 7/9 (78%) 12/14 (86%) 8/10 (80%) 9/12 (75%) 9/10 (90%) 7/7 (100%) 9/10 (90%) 7/9 (78%) 5/6 (83%) 80/96 (83%)
with DAN contact 3/7 (43%) 4/7 (57%) 5/12 (42%) 5/8 (63%) 5/9 (56%) 8/9 (89%) 5/7 (71%) 7/9 (78%) 6/7 (86%) 5/5 (100%) 53/80 (66%)
without DAN contact 4/7 (57%) 3/7 (43%) 7/12 (58%) 3/8 (37%) 4/9 (44%) 1/9 (11%) 2/7 (29%) 2/9 (22%) 1/7 (14%) 0 27/80 (44%)
  1. Patient, diving and emergency treatment epidemiology per year (2005–2014) and total. Numbers are mean (standard deviation) and n (%). CPR: cardiopulmonary resuscitation, HBO: hyperbaric oxygen, DCI: decompression injury