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Table 1 Comparison of baseline characteristics and post-CA care between the good and poor neurological outcome groups

From: Neurological outcomes and duration from cardiac arrest to the initiation of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a retrospective study

  All
[median (IQR)]
n = 79
Good neurological outcomes
[median (IQR)]
n = 11
Poor neurological outcomes
[median(IQR)]
n = 68
P-value
Age 59.0 [48.5–64.5] 61.0 [42.5–67.5] 58.5 [51.3–64.0] 0.854
Sex (Male) 65 (82.3%) 6 (54.5%) 59 (86.8%) 0.021
Initial shockable rhythm 58 (73.4%) 6 (54.5%) 52 (76.5%) 0.150
EMS personnel witness 21 (26.6%) 8 (72.7%) 13 (19.1%) 0.001
Bystander CPR 46 (58.2%) 10 (90.9%) 36 (52.9%) 0.021
Existence of transient ROSC before hospital arrival 21 (26.6%) 6 (54.5%) 15 (22.1%) 0.059
Pre-hospital epinephrine use 18 (22.8%) 2 (18.2%) 16 (23.5%) 1
Pre-hospital defibrillation 58 (73.4%) 7 (63.6%) 51 (75.0%) 0.470
Cause of CA (ACS) 39 (48.8%) 5 (45.5%) 34 (50.0%) 1
Initial creatinine 1.10 (1.00–1.30) 1.10 [0.90–1.45] 1.10 [1.00–1.30] 0.854
Initial lactate 14.0 (10.8–16.0) 16.0 [10.7–16.5] 13.6 [10.8–16.0] 0.509
CAG performed 50 (62.5%) 7 (63.6%) 43 (63.2%) 1
PCI performed 26 (32.5%) 4 (36.4%) 22 (32.4%) 1
Induction of TTM 50 (62.5%) 9 (81.8%) 41 (60.3%) 0.312
Successful weaning from ECMO 24 (30.0%) 11 (100%) 13 (19.1%) <0.001
Length of ICU stay 3.0 (1.0–11.0) 14.0 (11.5–19.5) 2.5 [1.0–7.3] <0.001
  1. IQR interquartile range, EMS emergency medical service, CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation, ROSC return of spontaneous circulation, CA cardiac arrest, ACS acute coronary syndrome, CAG coronary angiography, PCI percutaneous coronary intervention, TTM targeted temperature management; ECMO, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation