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Table 1 Annual incidence of non-uniform drowning terminology (NUDT) and non-uniform drowning definitions (NUDD) in peer-reviewed articles, 2010–2016, with comparison to previous study period (2003–2010)

From: The use of non-uniform drowning terminology: a follow-up study

Year # of Articles Terminology Definitions
NUDT (%) DDP NUDD
2010a 15 4 (27) 6 1
2011 31 8 (25) 7 1
2012 22 8 (36) 9 1
2013 25 12 (48) 7 4
2014 29 11 (38) 7 1
2015 45 10 (22) 18 0
TOTAL 167 53 (32)c 54 8
2003-2010b 227 95 (42)c 37 19
  1. Abbreviatons: NUDT non-uniform drowning terminology, DDP drowning definition present, NUDD non-uniform drowning definition
  2. aData period starts on July 16, 2010
  3. bData period ends July 15, 2010, extracted from previous study [3]
  4. cFisher Exact test (2-tailed): p = 0.046