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Table 1 Reference standard definitions

From: The danish regions pediatric triage model has a limited ability to detect both critically ill children as well as children to be sent home without treatment – a study of diagnostic accuracy

Urgency levels Definition of content
Immediate: Abnormal age adjusted vital parameters according to PRISM IIIa
Very urgent: Presence of a possible life threatening condition: Meningitis, severe sepsis, high-energy trauma, substantial external blood loss or trauma (sharp/blunt) leading to substantial blood loss, aorta dissection, .10% dehydration, (near) drowning, electric trauma, apparently life-threatening event (ALTE), possible dangerous intoxication, .10% burns, facial burns or possible inhalation trauma.
Urgent: Specific combinations of diagnostic work-up, therapy and follow-up.
Standard: Other combinations of diagnostic work-up, therapy and follow-up
Non-urgent: No diagnostic work-up or follow-up. Therapy restricted to simple advice and/or medicine on prescription, or none at all.
  1. Adopted from van Veen et al. 2008. In our study we merged "Immediate" and "very urgent"
  2. aPRISM III: pediatric risk of mortality score III