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Table 2 Thirty-day mortality and Hazard-Ratio for sepsis patients arriving without public prehospital transport, ambulance or MECU to an Acute Medical Unit

From: Dispatch and prehospital transport for acute septic patients: an observational study

  N 30-day mortality Crude HR Adjusted HR (gender and age) Adjusted HR (all variables)
Gender
 Female 920 132 (14.3%) 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.)
 Male 793 113 (14.2%) 0.99 (0.77–1.28) 1.02 (0.79–1.31) 0.96 (0.74–1.23)
 Age    1.05 (1.04–1.06) 1.05 (1.04–1.06) 1.04 (1.03–1.06)
Charlson Comorbidity Index
 0 570 56 (9.8%) 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.)
 1–2 415 47 (11.3%) 1.15 (0.78–1.70) 0.76 (0.51–1.12) 0.79 (0.53–1.17)
  > 2 728 142 (19.5%) 2.08 (1.52–2.83) 1.23 (0.90–1.68) 1.26 (0.92–1.73)
No. organ dysfunct. per patient
 1 621 38 (6.1%)    
 2 651 79 (12.1%) 4.46 (3.01–6.60) 3.34 (2.25–4.96) 3.18 (1.23–8.22)
 3+ 300 73 (24.3%) 7.14 (4.49–11.34) 5.03 (3.16–8.02) 4.88 (1.90–12.50)
Arrival category
 Without public prehospital transport 1,073 136 (12.7%) 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.)
 Ambulance 506 81 (16.0%) 1.30 (0.98–1.71) 1.23 (0.93–1.62) 1.30 (0.98–1.71)
 MECU 134 28 (20.9%) 1.76 (1.17–2.65) 1.70 (1.13–2.55) 1.76 (1.16–2.66)
Sepsis category
 Sepsis 621 38 (6.1%) 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.)
 Severe sepsis 1,071 199 (18.6%) 3.30 (2.33–4.66) 2.62 (1.85–3.71) 9.51 (1.96–46.15)
 septic shock 21 8 (38.1%) 8.23 (3.84–17.64) 7.39 (3.44–15.87) 8.99 (2.13–38.02)