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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of sepsis patients arriving without public prehospital transport, ambulance or MECU to an Acute Medical Unit in a 1-year period

From: Dispatch and prehospital transport for acute septic patients: an observational study

Mode of transport   All
N
Without public prehospital transport Ambulance MECU
Sex Total 1713 (n = 1,073) (n = 506) (n = 134)
Female 920 601 (56.0%) 251 (49.6%) 68 (50.7%)
Male 793 472 (44.0%) 255 (50.4%) 66 (49.3%)
Age in age categories, years 15–39 633 437 (40.7%) 153 (30.2%) 43 (32.1%)
40–64 815 464 (43.2%) 280 (55.3%) 71 (53.0%)
65–84 265 172 (16.0%) 73 (14.4%) 20 (14.9%)
Charlson Comorbidity Index 0 570 394 (36.7%) 140 (27.7%) 36 (26.9%)
1 415 240 (22.4%) 136 (26.9%) 39 (29.1%)
>2 728 439 (40.9%) 230 (45.5%) 59 (44.0%)
Immunosuppression No 1362 863 (80.4%) 400 (79.1%) 99 (73.9%)
Yes 351 210 (19.6%) 106 (20.9%) 35 (26.1%)
Sepsis severity Sepsis 621 390 (36.3%) 197 (38.9%) 34 (25.4%)
Severe sepsis 1071 673 (62.7%) 302 (59.7%) 96 (71.6%)
Septic shock 21 10 (0.9%) 7 (1.4%) 4 (3.0%)
Bacteremia No 1541 967 (90.1%) 460 (90.9%) 114 (85.1%)
Yes 172 106 (9.9%) 46 (9.1%) 20 (14.9%)
Number of sources of infection per patient 1 1453 910 (84.8%) 428 (84.6%) 115 (85.8%)
2 242 152 (14.2%) 73 (14.4%) 17 (12.7%)
3 18 11 (1.0%) 5 (1.0%) 2 (1.5%)
Sites of infection Lower respiratory tract 1077 636 (59.3%) 339 (67.0%) 102 (76.1%)
Urinary tract 415 273 (25.4%) 113 (22.3%) 29 (21.6%)
Abdominal 184 129 (12.0%) 49 (9.7%) 6 (4.5%)
Skin, muscles, bones 98 78 (7.3%) 17 (3.4%) 3 (2.2%)
Unknown without bacteremia 75 46 (4.3%) 26 (5.1%) 3 (2.2%)
Viral/systemic 42 31 (2.9%) 11 (2.2%) 0 (0.0%)
Unknown with bacteremia 23 11 (1.0%) 8 (1.6%) 4 (3.0%)
Central nervous system 18 6 (0.6%) 7 (1.4%) 5 (3.7%)
Cardiovascular 11 7 (0.7%) 4 (0.8%) 0 (0.0%)
SIRS Pulse rate 1314 807 (75.2%) 392 (77.5%) 115 (85.8%)
Temperature 968 639 (59.6%) 263 (52.0%) 66 (49.3%)
Respiratory rate 1071 631 (58.8%) 343 (67.8%) 97 (72.4%)
Leucocyte count 1228 760 (70.8%) 368 (72.7%) 100 (74.6%)
SIRS positive criteria, N 2 815 523 (48.7%) 240 (47.4%) 52 (38.8%)
3 641 409 (38.1%) 178 (35.2%) 54 (40.3%)
4 257 141 (13.1%) 88 (17.4%) 28 (20.9%)
Site of organ failure CNS 333 166 (15.5%) 116 (22.9%) 51 (38.1%)
Metabolic 226 129 (12.0%) 69 (13.6%) 28 (20.9%)
Cardiovascular 100 58 (5.4%) 33 (6.5%) 9 (6.7%)
Respiratory 709 471 (43.9%) 194 (38.3%) 44 (32.8%)
Renal 106 67 (6.2%) 31 (6.1%) 8 (6.0%)
Hepatic 55 40 (3.7%) 12 (2.4%) 3 (2.2%)
Coagulation 209 130 (12.1%) 55 (10.9%) 24 (17.9%)