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Table 2 Characteristics of survivors and non-survivors

From: Clinical course and prognostic factors of patients in severe accidental hypothermia with circulatory instability rewarmed with veno-arterial ECMO - an observational case series study

Parameter Survivors (n = 9) Non-survivors (n = 4)
Age [years] Me 57 IQR [55–60] Me 73 IQR [64.5–82.5]
Tc at hospital admission [°C] 26.07 ± 1.51 25.32 ± 3.24
SBP at hospital admission [mmHg] 74.4 ± 8.82 57.5 ± 5
DBP at hospital admission [mmHg] 47.2 ± 7.55 35 ± 5.77
pH at hospital admission 7.14 ± 0.08 7.02 ± 0.15
pH after achieving normothermia Me 7.32 IQR [7.32–7.33] Me 7.23 IQR [7.03–7.32]
EtCO2 at hospital admission 17.3 ± 1.5 14.5 ± 2.5
PaCO2 at hospital admission [mmHg] 41.4 ± 8.2 26.4 ± 7.4
PaCO2 after achieving normothermia [mmHg] Me 31.4 IQR [28.7–31.8] Me 24.5 IQR [19.2–29.6]
PaO2 at hospital admission [mmHg] 232.5 ± 117.7 107.6 ± 50.7
Lactate level (mmol/l) at hospital admission 6.89 ± 5.94 12.57 ± 4.55
Lactate level (mmol/l) after achieving normothermia Me 2.9 IQR [1.4–3.6] Me 12.2 IQR [8.4–15.3]
Lactate clearance 6 h 46.9% 5.7%
Lactate clearance 24 h 73.0% 34.8%
Lactate clearance at normothermia 56.0% 5.7%
BE at hospital admission [mEq/L] -14.322 ± 4.82 -23.45 ± 4.33
BE after achieving normothermia [mEq/L] Me -9.2 IQR [-11.4 – -7.7] Me -14 IQR [-22.1– -12.1]
HCO3 at hospital admission [mmol/L] 13.889 ± 4.09 7.225 ± 1.63
HCO3 after achieving normothermia [mmol/L] 16.389 ± 3.37 9.850 ± 4.78
K at hospital admission [mmol/L] 3.022 ± .76 4.975 ± .85
Na at hospital admission [mmol/L] 137.6 ± 6.4 143.2 ± 16.1
Glucose at hospital admission [mmol/L] 8.2 ± 2.97 6.1 ± 1.07
Creatinine at hospital admission [μmol/L] Me 85 IQR [64–114] Me 194 IQR [139-376]
CK at hospital admission [U/L] Me 1374 IQR [1114–2397] Me 4664 IQR [1724–18054]
CK 6 h [U/L] Me 1195 IQR [495–4168] Me 1948 IQR [595–6830]
CK-MB at hospital admission [U/L] Me 115 IQR [100–132] Me 278 IQR [164–394]
CK-MB 6 h [U/L] Me 70 IQR [54–183] Me 180 IQR [125-–249]
hsTnT at hospital admission [nmol/L] Me 0.033 IQR [0.027–0.048] Me 0.082 IQR [0.073–0.203]
hsTnT 6 h [nmol/L] Me 0.064 IQR [0.038–0.372] Me 0.097 IQR [0.091–0.17]
INR at hospital admission 1.46 ± .28 1.61 ± .23
APTT 0 h 37.7 ± 10.7 35.9 ± 15.1
PLT at hospital admission [103/uL] 142 ± 66 124 ± 110
Hb at hospital admission [g/dl] 12.13 ± 4.0 10.90 ± 3.66
Hb after achieving normothermia [g/dl] 9.54 ± 1.94 9.15 ± 1.21
  1. Continuous data presented with mean value with standard deviation (normal distribution) or as median with lower and upper quartiles (non-normal distribution). M denotes mean value; Me median, IQR interquartile interval