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Table 1 Cohort characteristics (N = 579). Comparison of patients with and without TLDs

From: Treatment-limiting decisions in patients with severe traumatic brain injury in a Norwegian regional trauma center

Cohort characteristics TLD-group (N = 101) No TLD-group (N = 478) P value
Sex and age Male 75 (74%) 350 (73%) 0.831
Female 26 (26%) 128 (27%)
Mean age (range) 60.8 (18–97) 51.3 (18–95) <0.001
Mechanism of injury Transport 23 (23%) 122 (26%) 0.562
Fall 65 (64%) 274 (57%) 0.192
Violence 3 (3%) 50 (10.5%) 0.018
Self-inflicted 8 (8%) 8 (2%) 0.001
Sport 3 (3%) 27 (6%) 0.270
Other 1 (1%) 11 (2%) 0.401
GCS* GCS 3 -8 70 (69%) 110 (23%) <0.001
GCS >8 31 (31%) 368 (77%)
Injury severity AIS* head max mean 4.8 4.4 <0.001
ISS* median (range) 30 (17–75) 26 (16–75) <0.001
NISS* median (range) 57 (18–75) 38 (16–75) <0.001
Intensive care ICU* admission 86 (85%) 409 (86%) 0.914
Ventilator days median (range) 6.3 (1–51) 11 (1–45) <0.001
Neurosurgery ICP* monitor 31 (31%) 159 (33%) 0.617
EVD* 17 (17%) 21 (4%) <0.001
Craniotomy 18 (18%) 113 (25%) 0.240
Hemicraniectomy 9 (9%) 17 (4%) 0.018
Hospital LOS* Median (range) 3 (1–51) 6 (1–56) 0.04
Discharge destination Home 0 (0%) 128 (26.8%) <0.001
Rehabilitation 2 (2%) 88 (18.4%)
Ward other hospital 7 (7%) 148 (31%)
ICU other hospital 12 (12%) 90 (18.8%)
Nursing home 6 (6%) 19 (4%)
Died at OUH* 74 (73%) 5 (1%)
  1. *See abbreviations