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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Presentations to an urban emergency department in Bern, Switzerland associated with acute recreational drug toxicity

  Number of cases, N = 503 (%)
Male 344 (68)
Female 159 (32)
Age (years)
 16–20 67 (13)
 21–30 169 (34)
 31–40 136 (27)
 41–50 89 (18)
  > 50 42 (8)
Time of presentation
 Night arrival (20:00 – 8:00 h) 254 (50)
 Weekend arrival (Friday 17:00 h - Monday 8:00 h) 233 (46)
Ethanol co-ingestion (self-reported)
 Yes 274 (54)
 No 46 (9)
 Not known 183 (36)
Drug use reported
 1 substance 260 (52)
  > 1 substances 187 (37)
 No drug use reported 13 (3)
 No information available (e.g., coma, uncooperative) 43 (9)
 Drug use analytical results
 1 substance 74 (15)
  > 1 substances 178 (35)
 Negative test (absence or insufficient test sensitivity) 25 (5)
 No drug test performed 226 (45)