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Table 1 Demographic data

From: The number of displaced rib fractures is more predictive for complications in chest trauma patients

Parameter Total (N = 174) Patients with pulmonary complication (N = 108) OR 95% CI p-value
  [n (%)] [n (%)]   
Gender
 Male 121 (69.5) 75 (62) 0.99 (0.51–1.92) 0.97
Elderly
65 43 (24.7) 26 (60.5) 0.91 (0.45–1.85) 0.80
ICED
 0 69 (39.7) 46 (66.7) Reference -
 1 88 (50.6) 53 (60.2) 0.76 (0.39–1.46) 0.41
 2 17 (9.8) 9 (52.9) 0.56 (0.19–1.65) 0.30
 3 0   NA NA
Mechanism
 Motorbike 70 (40.2) 39 (55.7) Reference -
 Car 13 (7.5) 10 (76.9) 2.65 (0.67–10.47) 0.16
 Bicycle 8 (4.6) 5 (62.5) 1.33 (0.29–5.98) 0.72
 Pedestrian 11 (6.3) 7 (63.6) 1.39 (0.37–5.19) 0.62
 Fall 3 m 29 (16.7) 21 (72.4) 2.09 (0.81–5.35) 0.13
 Fall <3 m 40 (23) 23 (57.5) 1.08 (0.49–2.36) 0.86
 Assault 1 (0.6) 1 (100) NA NA
 Heavy stuff compression 2 (1.1) 2 (100) NA NA
Laterality
 Left 91 (52.3) 57 (62.6) Reference -
 Right 71 (40.8) 39 (54.9) 0.73 (0.39–1.37) 0.32
 Both 12 (6.9) 12 (100) NA NA
Location
 1st–3rd 12 (6.9) 7 (58.3) Reference -
 4th–9th 117 (67.2) 66 (56.4) 0.89 (0.27–2.98) 0.85
 10th–12th 10 (5.7) 6 (60) 1.07 (0.19–5.91) 0.94
2area 35 (20.1) 29 (82.9) 4.29 (0.97–18.97) 0.06
Rib fracture numbers
 1–2 57 (32.8) 18 (31.6) Reference -
3 117 (67.2) 90 (76.9) 7.22 (3.57–14.62) <0.0001
Displaced rib fracture numbers
 0 40 (23) 13 (32.5) Reference -
1 134 (77) 95 (70.9) 5.06 (2.37–10.81) <0.0001
Nondisplaced rib fracture numbers
 0 33 (19) 21 (63.6) Reference -
1 141 (81) 87 (61.7) 0.92 (0.42–2.02) 0.837
Alcohol drinking 13 (7.5) 8 (61.5) 0.98 (0.31–3.12) 0.97
ISS
16 88 (50.6) 81 (92) 25.29 (10.32–61.97) <0.0001
  < 16 86 (49.4) 27 (31.4) Reference -
AIS (thoracic area)
4 71 (40.8) 70 (98.6) NA NA
  < 4 103 (59.2) 38 (36.9)   
Ribscore
 0–1 138 (79.3) 73 (52.9) Reference -
 2–3 28 (16.1) 27 (96.4) 24.04 (3.18–181.91) 0.002
 4–6 8 (4.6) 8 (100) NA NA
TTSS
 0–4 66 (37.9) 22 (33.3) Reference -
 5–7 67 (38.5) 45 (67.2) 4.09 (1.99–8.43) 0.0001
 8–12 30 (17.2) 30 (100) NA NA
 13–25 11 (6.3) 11 (100) NA NA