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Table 5 Prehospital management: subgroups according to thoracic trauma severity

From: Severity-dependent differences in early management of thoracic trauma in severely injured patients - Analysis based on the TraumaRegister DGU®

  Controls AIS-2 AIS-3 AIS-4 AIS-5/6 All patients
Intubation 1662 (4730) 754 (1929) 3274 (7843) 2320 (5288) 1268 (2183) 9278 (21973)
35% 39% 42% 44% 58% 42%
Chest tube 44 (3626) 49 (1439) 347 (5718) 510 (3983) 345 (1564) 1295 (16330)
1% 3% 6% 13% 22% 8%
Systolic BP ≤ 90 mmHg 697 (4257) 278 (1761) 1163 (7138) 1064 (4790) 660 (1933) 3862 (19879)
16% 16% 16% 22% 34% 19%
Catecholamines 220 (3626) 63 (1439) 366 (5718) 398 (3983) 320 (1564) 1367 (16330)
6% 4% 6% 10% 20% 8%
CPR 90 (4714) 19 (1924) 119 (7802) 158* (5272) 239* (2168) 625 (21880)
2% 1% 2% 3%* 11%* 3%
  1. Total numbers and percentages of each group are given with the total number of available datasets for each characteristic in parenthesis
  2. Total patient numbers may vary for each prehospital procedure and characteristic because of incomplete data transmission or transmission of basic datasets. Basic datasets do not include information on chest tube placement or use of catecholamines
  3. *: The presence of thoracic trauma was significantly associated with the need for CPR in the indicated AIS groups; adjusted for relevant (AIS ≥ 3) trauma to the head, abdomen and extremities
  4. BP blood pressure, CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation