Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Comparison of complications between before and after the change in the 2010 guideline

From: Investigation of complications secondary to chest compressions before and after the 2010 cardiopulmonary resuscitation guideline changes by using multi-detector computed tomography: a retrospective study

Variable Pre-2010 (n = 43) Post-2010 (n = 142) p-value
Rib fracture 27 (62.8) 112 (78.9) 0.03
 Multiple rib fracture 25 (58.1) 102 (71.8) 0.18
 Number of rib fractures 4.2 ± 4.5 4.7 ± 3.8 0.47
Site of rib fracture    0.09
 Unilateral 7 (16.3) 25 (17.6)  
 Bilateral 20 (46.5) 87 (61.3)  
 None 16 (37.2) 30 (21.1)  
Location of rib fracture    
 Anterior 27 (62.8) 105 (73.9) 0.22
 Lateral 17 (39.5) 73 (51.4) 0.23
 Posterior 4 (9.3) 7 (4.9) 0.49
Sternum fracture 13 (30.2) 38 (26.8) 0.80
 Location of sternum fracture    
 Upper 5 (11.6) 6 (4.2) 0.15
 Middle 6 (13.9) 26 (18.3) 0.67
 Lower 6 (13.9) 20 (14.1) >0.99
Lung contusion 7 (16.3) 35 (24.6) 0.35
Lung hemorrhage 4 (9.3) 16 (11.3) 0.93
Pneumothorax 4 (9.3) 25 (17.6) 0.28
Hematoma 0 (0) 13 (9.1) 0.04
Vertebral fracture 2 (4.6) 0 (0) 0.08
Scapular fracture 1 (2.3) 1 (0.7) 0.95
Serious complications 0 (0) 9 (6.3) 0.20
 Massive subcutaneous emphysema 0 (0) 2 (1.4)  
 Haemoperitoneum 0 (0) 3 (2.1)  
 Haemomediastinum 0 (0) 1 (0.7)  
 Tension pneumothorax 0 (0) 1 (0.7)  
 Pneumoperitoneum 0 (0) 2 (1.4)  
  1. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation or n (%)
  2. Pre-2010 pre- guideline change, Post-2010 post- guideline change