Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Patient characteristics of haemodynamically stable patients presenting after blunt abdominal injury stratified by FAST-exam result

From: Should we perform a FAST exam in haemodynamically stable patients presenting after blunt abdominal injury: a retrospective cohort study

  Positive FAST (n = 14) Negative FAST (n = 401) Missing
Demographics
 Age mean 35 (24–45)* 44 (42–46)  
 Gender (men) n (%) 10 (71%) 265 (65%)  
Medication n (%)
 Vitamin K antagonist or LMWH 0 47 (12%) 8
Trauma mechanism n (%)
 MVC 7 (50%) 131 (32%)  
 Motorcycle 2 (14%) 30 (7%)  
 Scooter/moped 0 18 (4%)  
 Bicycle 1 (7.1%) 59 (14%)  
 Pedestrian 1 (7.1%) 12 (3%)  
 Beaten with blunt object 0 6 (2%)  
 Low-energy fall 0 63 (16%)  
 High-energy falla 2 (14%) 50 (13%)  
 Other blunt trauma 1 (7.1%) 37 (9%)  
Vital Signs
 HR (bpm) 91 (77–104) 81 (79–84) 17
 SBP (mm Hg) 127 (113–140) 140 (136–144)  
 DBP (mm Hg) 84 (68–99) 84 (81–87) 1
 RR (rpm) 27 (13–37)* 18 (17–19) 98
 Saturation (%) 97 (92–101) 97 (95–99) 9
 Temperature (°C) 35.6 (34.8–36.5) 36.1 (35.6–36.6) 208
 GCS score (range) 12 (3–15)** 14 (3–15) 73
Laboratory values
 Hb (mmol/L) 7.3 (6.3–8.3)** 8.7 (8.3–9.0) 6
 Leucocytes (x10^9/L) 17.7 (13.7–21.8)** 12.9 (11.4–14.5) 9
 Thrombocytes (x10^9/L) 223 (184–261) 243 (236–249) 8
 Bilirubin total (μmol/L) 6 (3–8) 7 (6–7) 12
 Amylase (U/L) 61 (53–68) 66 (55–77) 12
 AST (U/L) 310 (76–544)** 54 (46–63) 9
 CK tot (U/L) (range) 566 (142–1214)** 445 (300–588) 23
 Creatinine (μmol/L) 84 (77–90)* 74 (71–78) 26
 Lactate (mmol/L) 2.9 (1.6–4.2) 2.2 (1.9–2.5) 178
 BE (mmol/l) –6 (−11 – −1) −2 (−2 – −1) 223
 HCO3- (mmol/l) 20 (17–23) 23 (22–23) 223
 pH 7.25 (7.13–7.38) 7.38 (7.37–7.39) 223
 PT (sec) 12.8 (11.6–14.0)** 12 (11–13) 36
 aPTT (sec) 33 (17–49) 25 (25–26) 50
Interventions and Injury severity score
 Pre-hospital or ED Intubation 10 (71%)** 84 (21%)  
 Pre-hospital or ED CPR 3 (21.1%)** 4 (0.9%)  
 Pre-hospital or ED thoracostomy 4 (28%)** 30 (7%)  
 ISS score 44 (37–52)** 16 (14–17)  
  1. LMWH low molecular weight heparin, MVC motor vehicle collision, SBP systolic blood pressure, HR heart rate, DBP, diastolic blood pressure, RR respiratory rate, GCS Glasgow Coma Scale, Hb hemoglobin, CK creatine kinase, PT prothrombin time, aPTT activated partial thromboplastin time, ISS Injury Severity Score, ED emergency department, CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation, RBC red blood cells, FFP fresh frozen plasma
  2. *denotes p < 0.05 “compared to negative FAST”; **denotes p < 0.01 compared to “negative FAST”
  3. aHigh-energy fall: from height >2-3x body length