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Table 3 Differentiation of fracture entities and the frequency of soft tissue damage and rate of complications

From: Complications after surgical management of distal lower leg fractures

  Group 1: Distal Metaphysis Fracture of the Lower Leg Group 2: Distal Diaphysis Fracture of the Lower Leg p-value between groups
  IMN Plate Fixation IMN Plate Fixation
Soft Tissue Damage      
Closed Type I 6 23 10 4  
Closed Type II 7 13 9 1  
Closed Type III 0 0 2 1  
n 13 36 21 6 p < 0.0001
Open Type I 1 6 7 0  
Open Type II 3 11 11 1  
Open Type III      
IIIa 0 0 7 1  
IIIb 2 1 3 1  
IIIc 1 0 1 0  
n 7 18 29 3 p < 0.0001
Complications      
Wound Healing 0 5 0 0  
Wound Infection 1 8 1 1  
Compartment Syndrome 1 0 6 0  
Valgus Deformity 0 5 0 0  
Delayed Union 0 0 19 0  
Non-Union 5 3 3 1  
n 7 (35%) 21 (38%) 29 (58%) 2 (20%)  
  1. Significance (p < 0.05), p = 0.0252, p < 0.001, p = 0.0251
  2. Wilcoxon Test