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Table 1 Patient demographics, injury severity, admission vitals, transfusion and outcome in 257 adult trauma patients

From: Pre-hospital transfusion of plasma in hemorrhaging trauma patients independently improves hemostatic competence and acidosis

  Units Overall
(n = 257)
PH
(n = 75)
IH
(n = 182)
P-value
Age Years 37 (25, 53) 34 (23, 53) 39 (26, 53) 0.259
Male n (%) 208 (80.9%) 62 (82.7%) 146 (80.2%) 0.650
Injury Scores and severity
 ISS Score 26 (17, 34) 29 (17, 41) 26 (17, 34) 0.106
 GCS Score 10 (3, 15) 3 (3, 15) 12 (3, 15) 0.022
 Positive FAST % 54 (31.4%) 26 (48.1%) 28 (23.7%) 0.001
 Penetrating Injury % 80 (31.1%) 34 (45.3%) 46 (25.3%) 0.002
 Intubated in the field % 63 (27.2%) 29 (39.2%) 34 (21.5%) 0.005
Admission Vitals
 SBP mmHg 98 (80, 123) 90 (77, 113) 100 (80, 125) 0.044
 DBP mmHg 60 (48, 74) 59 (50, 69) 60 (48, 76) 0.299
 Heart rate Bpm 108 (88, 130) 111 (90, 133) 108 (85, 130) 0.425
 Hemoglobin g/dL 12.9 (11.3, 14.2) 12.4 (11.3, 13.4) 13.1 (11.35, 14.3) 0.011
 Platelet count x103/μL 215 (163, 250) 193 (152, 223) 225 (174, 257) 0.001
 pH   7.26 (7.15, 7.32) 7.21 (7.06, 7.32) 7.27 (7.18, 7.33) 0.002
 Base Excess mEq/L −5 (−10, −2) −6 (−10, −3) −4 (−10, −1) 0.073
Mode of Transport
 LF % 171 (66.8%) 75 (100%) 96 (52.7%) <0.001
Transfusion: Prehospital
 RBC Units 0 (0, 0) 1 (1, 2) 0 (0, 0) NA
 Plasma Units 0 (0, 0) 1 (1, 2) 0 (0, 0) NA
Transfusion: Admission - 6 h total transfusions
 RBC Units 4 (2, 10) 8 (4, 14) 3 (1, 8) <0.001
 Plasma Units 4 (2, 8) 6 (3, 12) 3 (2, 7) <0.001
 Platelets Packs 0 (0, 6) 6 (0, 12) 0 (0, 6) <0.001
Transfusion: Admission - 24 h total transfusions
 RBC Units 5 (2, 12) 10 (4, 15) 4 (2, 9) <0.001
 Plasma Units 4 (2, 9) 7 (3, 14) 4 (2, 8) <0.001
 Platelets Packs 6 (0, 12) 6 (0, 18) 0 (0, 6) <0.001
Outcomes
 6-h mortality % 25 (9.7%) 10 (13.3%) 15 (8.2%) 0.210
 24-h mortality % 31 (12%) 12 (16%) 19 (10.4%) 0.213
 In-hospital mortality % 58 (22.6%) 20 (26.7%) 38 (20.9%) 0.313
  1. Patients met criteria for full trauma team activation and either received blood before arrival at ED (PH) or in the first 6 h after hospital admission (IH). Medians (IQR) or n (%) are reported
  2. All the bold numbers reflect data that is significant