Skip to main content

Table 1 Patient demographics, injury severity, mechanisms of injury and laboratory results

From: The pre-hospital administration of tranexamic acid to patients with multiple injuries and its effects on rotational thrombelastometry: a prospective observational study in pre-hospital emergency medicine

  Patients (n = 27)
Age, median [min-max], years 50 [16–88]
Female, n (%) 5 (18.5)
Death before ICU admission, n (%) 1 (3.5)
30 d-survival, n (%) 24 (89)
ISSa, median [min-max], points 17 [4–50]
 ISS ≥16 points, yes, n (%) 15 (55.5)
NISSa, median [min-max], points 17 [8–57]
 NISS ≥16 points, yes, n (%) 18 (66.7)
Mechanisms of injury, n (%)
 Road traffic accident (RTA) 14 (52)
 RTA – motorcyclist 5 (18.5)
 Fall 7 (26)
 Other 1 (3.5)
First blood gas analysis on ED arrival, median [min-max]
 pH 7.32 [6.84–7.39]
 Haemoglobin, g/dL 12.9 [4.3–18.1]
 Lactate, mmol/L 1.6 [1.1–15.6]
 Base excess, mmol/L −0.3 [−18.9–4.8]
 Calcium, mmol/L 1.2 [0.98–1.59]
Laboratory analyses on ED arrival, median [min-max]
 PTI, % 91 [5–132]
 aPTT, seconds 26 [21–180]
 Fibrinogen, g/L 1.89 [0.47–4.79]
 Platelets, ×103/μL 199 [15–354]
 PAP complexb, μg/L 1837 [508–4815]
  1. aISS according to the final results of clinical investigation and x-rays (incl. CT scans)
  2. bMissing data in three patients