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Table 3 Summary of findings of Giustini et al. [17] on the effect of back protection to risk of spinal injury

From: A systematic review on the effectiveness of back protectors for motorcyclists

  No back protection Protective clothing Hard-shell or airbag
Spinal injury 52 (59 %) 24 (27 %) 12 (14 %)
No spinal injury 293 (67 %) 67 (15 %) 80 (18 %)