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Table 2 Prehospital and in-hospital characteristics of shock (2007–2011)

From: Shock in the emergency department; a 12 year population based cohort study

   MECU, n (%)*   Overall mortality, n (%)
Specialty/Department ED contacts, n (%) Prehospital contacts, n (%) Intravenous fluid therapy Intravenous vasopressor therapy Mechanical ventilation Cardiac arrest ICU admission, n (%) 7-days 90-days
Emergency Department 209 (27.0) 39 (18.7) 16 (7.7) 17 (2.8) 10 (4.8) 4 (1.9) 9 (4.3) 47 (22.5) 70 (33.5)
General Internal Medicine 36 (5.0) 2 (5.6) 1 (2.8) 1 (0.6) 1 (2.8) 1 (2.8) 14 (38.9) 10 (27.8) 14 (38.9)
Cardiology 79 (10.0) 19 (24.1) 11 (13.9) 11 (6.9) 12 (15.2) 10 (12.7) 22 (27.9) 26 (32.9) 40 (50.6)
Gastroenterology 74 (9.0) 11 (14.9) 6 (8.1) 7 (5.2) 4 (5.4) 0 (0.0) 18 (24.3) 14 (18.9) 27 (36.5)
Geriatriology 81 (10.0) 17 (21.0) 5 (6.2) 4 (3.4) 5 (6.2) 2 (2.5) 3 (3.7) 16 (19.8) 43 (53.1)
General Surgery 53 (7.0) 5 (9.4) 3 (5.7) 5 (5.1) 1 (1.9) 1 (1.9) 18 (34.0) 14 (26.4) 26 (49.1)
Orthopedic Surgery 35 (4.0) 4 (11.4) 3 (8.6) 3 (5.5) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 8 (22.9) 6 (17.1) 13 (37.1)
Pulmonology 53 (7.0) 12 (22.6) 11 (20.8) 11 (20.8) 6 (11.3) 2 (3.8) 16 (30.2) 14 (26.4) 27 (50.9)
Endocrinology 29 (4.0) 2 (6.9) 1 (3.5) 1 (2.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 3 (10.3) 2 (6.9) 9 (31.0)
Infectious Diseases 47 (6.0) 17 (36.2) 8 (17.0) 9 (19.2) 5 (10.6) 0 (0.0) 25 (53.2) 12 (25.5) 21 (44.7)
Heart, Pulmonary and vascular Surgery 23 (3.0) 5 (21.7) 4 (17.4) 5 (11.4) 2 (8.7) 0 (0.0) 12 (52.2) 8 (34.8) 9 (39.1)
Neurology 17 (2.0) 2 (15.4) 4 (23.53) 4 (9.8) 2 (11.8) 0 (0.0) 7 (41.2) 1 (5.9) 2 (11.8)
Nephrology 13 (2.0) 8 (47.1) 1 (7.7) 1 (9.8) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 4 (30.8) 6 (46.2) 8 (61.5)
Hematology 4 (1.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (25.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Rheumatology 10 (1.0) 1 (10.0) 1 (10.0) 1 (10.0) 1 (10.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (20.0) 0 (0.0) 4 (40.0)
Oncology 6 (1.0) 2 (33.3) 1 (16.7) 1 (12.5) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (16.7) 2 (33.3) 4 (66.8)
Urology 2 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (12.5) 1 (50.0)
Otorhinolaryngology 5 (1.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (16.7) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (20.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Neurosurgery 5 (1.0) 4 (80.0) 4 (80.0) 4 (80.0) 3 (60.0) 1 (20.0) 5 (100.0) 2 (40.0) 3 (60.0)
Plastic Surgery 2 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (50.0)
Hospice 1 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (100.0)
Total 784 (100.0) 150 (19.1) 80 (10.2) 42 (5.4) 52 (6.6) 21 (2.7) 169 (21.6) 180 (23.0) 323 (41.2)
  1. ED emergency department, ICU intensive care unit, MECU Physician-staffed mobile emergency care units
  2. *Data on MECU transportation and ICU admission available from 2007 to 2011