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Table 5 Characteristics of care completion by PA (n = 2) and RN (n = 23)

From: Solo emergency care by a physician assistant versus an ambulance nurse: a cross-sectional document study

  PA (n = 493) RN (n = 498) Differences between groupsa
Referral after EMS treatment on scene n = 489 n = 482  
n (%) 245 (50 %) 351 (73 %) P <0.0001
In case of referral: Type of health care organisation referred to n (%) n = 245 n = 351  
Referral to GP 44 (18 %) 86 (25 %) NS
Referral to ED 201 (82 %) 265 (75 %)  
Consultation of health care professional n = 493 n = 498  
n (%) 164 (33 %) 84 (17 %) P <0.0001
In case of consultation: Type of health care professional consulted n (%) n = 164 n = 84  
General Practitioner 119 (73 %) 73 (87 %)  
Emergency Department 18 (11 %) 2 (2 %) P <0.05
Other (e.g. medical specialist) 27 (16 %) 9 (11 %)  
Length of treatment time on scene n = 489 n = 488  
median in minutes (IQR)b 25 (19) 26 (17) NS
Follow up contact after prehospital EMS care n (%) n = 493 n = 493  
Within 72 h 25 (5 %) 20 (4 %) NS
Within 24 h 16 (3 %) 12 (2 %) NS
Follow up contact of non-referred patients (to ED/GP) after prehospital EMS care n (%) n = 244 n = 129  
Within 72 h 9 (4 %) 4 (3 %) NS
Within 24 h 7 (3 %) 2 (2 %) NS
  1. a NS not statistically significant