Skip to main content

Table 2 Initial complaints and conditions of patients treated by solo emergency physician assistants (PA, n = 2) and ambulance nurses (RN, n = 23)

From: Solo emergency care by a physician assistant versus an ambulance nurse: a cross-sectional document study

Initial complaints/conditions of patients PA (n = 481)a RN (n = 495)b Initial complaints/conditions of patients PA (n = 481)a RN (n = 495)b
Trauma/Injury (in alphabetical order, n (%)) 218 (45 %) 200 (40 %) Non trauma (in alphabetical order, n (%)) 260 (54 %) 294 (59 %)
 Auto mutilation 2   Acute confusion/delirium 4 2
 Back pain due to injury 1   Allergy 2 7
 Burn   4 Back pain non-injury 6 2
 Choking   1 Bleed/epistaxis/blood loss 11 7
 Extremity injury 7 4 Collapse/dizziness/vasovagal syncope 91 82
 Face injury 6   Epilepsy/seizures 18 20
 Fracture 3 3 Fever/febrile convulsion   6
 High energy trauma 1 2 Hart disease/ACSc/chest pain/palpitations/APd 43 66
 Hypothermia 1   Headache 2 1
 Inhalation trauma 1 2 Hyperventilation 15 22
 Injury due to accident/low energy trauma 63 75 Hypo- of hyperglycaemia 7 9
 Injury due to chemical substance   1 Malaise 3 4
 Injury due to electricity   1 Non specified neurologic complaints 1 2
 Injury due to fall 94 57 Pain 5 4
 Injury due to traffic accident 2 5 Pregnancy/parturition   2
 Injury due to violence 2 5 Psychiatric/social complaint   4
 Intoxication 3 17 Respiratory distress/shortness of breath/COPDe 19 20
 Luxation/distortion 7 4 Resuscitation 9 7
 Neck injury 4 5 Sepsis 1  
 Neurological trauma 1 1 Shock   1
 Suicide attempt 11 11 Stroke/TIAf 11 17
 Suturing 2   Subdural bleed/subarachnoid haemorrhage 1 2
 Wound/wound leakage 7 2 Thrombosis 1  
Deceased n (%) 3 (0,6 %) 1 (0,2 %) Vomiting/abdominal pain/acute abdomen/vomiting blood 10 7
  1. a n = 12 missing excluded; b n = 3 missing excluded; c ACS acute coronary syndrome, d AP angina pectoris, e COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, f TIA transient ischemic attack