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Table 3 Associated injuries of the motorcycle riders

From: Obese motorcycle riders have a different injury pattern and longer hospital length of stay than the normal-weight patients

Variables Obese Normal Odds ratio (95 %) P
BMI ≥ 30 25 > BMI ≥ 18.5
n = 466 n = 2701
Head trauma, n(%)     
 Neurologic deficit 3(0.6) 28(1.0) 0.6(0.19–2.04) 0.611
 Cranial fracture 31(6.7) 236(8.7) 0.7(0.51–1.10) 0.135
 Epidural hematoma (EDH) 20(4.3) 152(5.6) 0.8(0.47–1.21) 0.240
 Subdural hematoma (SDH) 47(10.1) 281(10.4) 1.0(0.70–1.34) 0.835
 Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) 45(9.7) 326(12.1) 0.8(0.56–1.08) 0.135
 Intracerebral hematoma (ICH) 10(2.1) 73(2.7) 0.8(0.41–1.54) 0.487
 Cerebral contusion 27(5.8) 174(6.4) 0.9(0.59–1.36) 0.596
 Cervical vertebral fracture 6(1.3) 21(0.8) 1.7(0.67–4.15) 0.272
Maxillofacial trauma, n(%)     
 Orbital fracture 10(2.1) 97(3.6) 0.6(0.31–1.14) 0.111
 Nasal fracture 7(1.5) 51(1.9) 0.8(0.36–1.76) 0.566
 Maxillary fracture 30(6.4) 334(12.4) 0.5(0.33–0.72) <0.001
 Mandibular fracture 12(2.6) 120(4.4) 0.6(0.31–1.04) 0.062
Thoracic trauma, n(%)     
 Rib fracture 71(15.2) 288(10.7) 1.5(1.14–1.99) 0.004
 Sternal fracture 0(0.0) 3(0.1) 1.000
 Hemothorax 14(3.0) 51(1.9) 1.6(0.88–2.93) 0.117
 Pneumothorax 7(1.5) 55(2.0) 0.7(0.33–1.62) 0.442
 Hemopneumothorax 12(2.6) 40(1.5) 1.8(0.92–3.38) 0.086
 Lung contusion 9(1.9) 36(1.3) 1.5(0.70–3.05) 0.313
 Thoracic vertebral fracture 5(1.1) 18(0.7) 1.6(0.60–4.38) 0.369
Abdominal trauma, n(%)     
 Intra-abdominal injury 9(1.9) 50(1.9) 1.0(0.51–2.14) 0.906
 Hepatic injury 11(2.4) 74(2.7) 0.9(0.45–1.63) 0.640
 Splenic injury 10(2.1) 41(1.5) 1.4(0.71–2.86) 0.320
 Retroperitoneal injury 0(0.0) 5(0.2) 1.000
 Renal injury 5(1.1) 17(0.6) 1.7(0.63–4.66) 0.357
 Urinary bladder injury 0(0.0) 0(0.0)
 Lumbar vertebral fracture 2(0.4) 29(1.1) 0.4(0.09–1.67) 0.304
 Sacral vertebral fracture 5(1.1) 12(0.4) 2.4(0.85–6.93) 0.092
Extremity trauma, n(%)     
 Scapular fracture 11(2.4) 74(2.7) 0.9(0.45–1.63) 0.640
 Clavicle fracture 51(10.9) 443(16.4) 0.6(0.46–0.85) 0.003
 Humeral fracture 50(10.7) 115(4.3) 2.7(1.91–3.83) <0.001
 Radial fracture 62(13.3) 291(10.8) 1.3(0.95–1.71) 0.109
 Ulnar fracture 28(6.0) 148(5.5) 1.1(0.73–1.67) 0.645
 Metacarpal fracture 25(5.4) 104(3.9) 1.4(0.90–2.22) 0.127
 Pelvic fracture 28(6.0) 88(3.3) 1.9(1.23–2.94) 0.004
 Femoral fracture 49(10.5) 240(8.9) 1.2(0.87–1.67) 0.259
 Patella fracture 18(3.9) 79(2.9) 1.3(0.79–2.25) 0.278
 Tibial fracture 49(10.5) 288(10.7) 1.0(0.72–1.36) 0.924
 Fibular fracture 27(5.8) 136(5.0) 1.2(0.76–1.78) 0.494
 Calcaneal fracture 32(6.9) 145(5.4) 1.3(0.88–1.93) 0.193
 Metatarsal fracture 9(1.9) 65(2.4) 0.8(0.40–1.62) 0.531