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Table 1 Overview of group I patients presenting good agreement of results in pmCT and autopsy (DD = differential diagnosis)

From: Analysis of death in major trauma: value of prompt post mortem computed tomography (pmCT) in comparison to office hour autopsy

ID Cause of death - pmCT Cause of death - autopsy Region of death causing injury
1 subtotal amputation pelvic half/thigh amputation os ilium, open book fracture amputation pelvis with consecutive blood loss Skeletal system
7 brain steem bleeding, incarceration foramen magnum avulsion cervical myelon (C1/2) basal skull fracture, brain bleeding, incarceration of medulla oblongata head/neck
8 Multiple trauma: complex dislocated fracture skull/foramen magnum, subarachnoidal bleeding, ventricle tamponade  brain edema, incarceration suspected aortic root rupture, hematothorax, lung contusion, Tension pneumothorax, disruption pericardium/heart multiple trauma: destruction of basal skull, disruption of pons/medulla oblongata, ventricle tamponade, diffuse intracerebral bleeding disruption of lung/pericardium/heart, rupture of aortic root, hematothorax head/neck chest
13 intracerebral, subdural, subarachnoidal bleeding brain edema, basal incarceration bloody destruction, herniation frontal/temportal lobe with so-called intravital brain necrosis head/neck
14 impression fracture skull brain edema, incarceration lung contusion DD signs of aspiration brain injury with occipital impression fracture, brain contusion, brain edema blood aspiration lung head/neck chest
16 brain edema atlas ring fracture, dislocated dens axis, intraspinal bleeding avulsion vertebral artery, suspected marrow injury cervical spine gaping disconnection 1st and 2nd cervical vertebrae, atlas ring fracture with rupture upper cervical marrow head/neck
18 brain edema due to oxygen lack (drowning) lung edema, fluid filled major airways signs of drowning lung/distal airways brain edema chest
22 bilateral rib fractures pleural effusion, bilateral hematothorax bilateral rib fractures, hematothorax, pleural effusion with circulatory failure due to inner bleed to death chest
26 signs of increased intracranial pressure, midline shiftintracranial bleeding, incarceration foramen magnum skull base fracture bony destruction pelvis skull base fracture, subdural bleeding, signs of increased intracranial pressure, beginning incarceration complex destruction of bony pelvis, soft tissue hematoma retroperitoneal due to rupture internal iliac artery head abdomen/pelvis