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Table 4 Median scores for demand, job-control, and social support and calculated total scores for job strain versus demographic variables for faculty physicans (n = 23)

From: Occupational stress experienced by residents and faculty physicians on night shifts

Variable Demand Job-control Social support Job strain
Median
(min-max)
P Median
(min-max)
p Median
(min-max)
p Median
(min-max)
P
Specialtya EM 15 (14–18) >.05 18 (16–20) >.05 18 (16–22) >.05 0.8 (0.8-1.1) >.05
SURG 15 (13–19) 18 (10–20) 18 (15–20) 0.8 (0.7-1.4)
MED 15 (14–18) 18 (14–19) 19 (6–24) 0.9 (0.7-1.1)
Marital status Married 15 (13–19) >.05 18 (10–20) >.05 18 (6–24) >.05 0.8 (0.7-1.4) >.05
Unmarried 15.5 (14–18) 17 (14–19) 16.5 (16–21) 1.0 (0.7-1.1)
Sex Man 15 (13–19) >.05 18 (10–20) >.05 18 (6–24) >.05 0.8 (0.7-1.4) >.05
Woman 16 (14–18) 18 (16–20) 17 (16–19) 0.9 (0.7-1.1)
Number of patients cared for during a typical shift 1-30 15 (13–19) >.05 18 (10–20) >.05 18 (15–22) >.05 0.9 (0.7-1.4) >.05
31-60 15 (14–18) 19 (16–20) 18 (6–22) 0.8 (0.7-1.1)
>60 15 (14–17) 18 (16–20) 18 (16–24) 0.8 (0.8-1.1)
Night shifts per month 1-4 15.5 (14–19) <.05 18 (10–20) >.05 18 (6–24) >.05 0.9 (0.7-1.4) >.05
5-8 14 (13–15) 19 (14–19) 20 (16–21) 0.7 (0.7-1.1)
>8 14.5 (14–15) 17.5 (17–18) 18 (17–19) 0.8 (0.8-0.8)
Decided about continuing in specialty Yes 16 (15–19) >.05 18 (16–20) >.05 17.5 (6–24) >.05 0.9 (0.8-1.1) >.05
No 15 (13–18) 18 (10–20) 18 (15–22) 0.8 (0.7-1.4)
Chronic disease Yes 15 (13–19) >.05 18.5 (17–20) <.05 17.5 (6–22) >.05 0.8 (0.7-1.0) >.05
No 15 (14–18) 16 (10–20) 18 (16–24) 1.1 (0.7-1.4)
  1. Job strain was statistically significantly higher in faculty physicians worked 1–4 night shifts a month. Job control was statistically significantly higher in faculty physicians who had a chronic disease
  2. aEmergency medicine = EM, Internal medical specialties = MED and Surgical specialties = SURG