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Table 3 Comparisons of General Information in Pelvic Trauma Patients: Early versus Late Mortality

From: Predictors of early versus late mortality in pelvic trauma patients

  E group (n = 89) L group (n = 67) P value
Patient Demographics    
 Age --- year, mean (SD) 44 (18) 51 (21) <0.05
 Gender ---Male, yes (%) 78 70 0.30
 Race    
  White (%) 68 75 <0.05
  African-American (%) 17 6
  Hispanic (%) 16 12
  Othersa (%) 0 7
Clinical Variables upon Patient Arrival at ED    
 Systolic BP ---mmHg, mean (SD) 74 (50) 107 (37) <0.01
 Heart Rate ---bpm, mean (SD) 87 (52) 102 (34) 0.05
 Respiratory Rate --- rpm, mean (SD) 13 (10) 15 (6) 0.12
 GCS --- number, mean (SD) 6.67 (4.96) 7.95 (5.27) 0.13
 RTS    
  (Mean, SD) 3.93 (2.84) 5.41 (2.09) <0.01
  (Median, IQR) 4.09 (5.22) 5.97 (3.75) 0.12
 ISS    
  (Mean, SD) 37 (14) 36 (14) 0.63
  (Median, IQR) 34 (18) 34 (14) 1.00
 Crystalloid Received at ED ---ml, mean (SD) 2678 (1790) 2502 (2114) 0.61
 Type of injury    
  Blunt (%) 94 97 0.43
  Penetrating (%) 6 2  
 Location of pelvic injury    
  Ilium ---n, (%) 12 (18) 9 (15) 0.60
  Ischium---n, (%) 2 (3) 3 (5) 0.59
  Pubis ---n, (%) 40 (59) 36 (58) 0.93
  Sacrum/coccyx ---n, (%) 19 (29) 13 (21) 0.31
  Acetabulum ---n, (%) 28 (41) 26 (42) 0.93
  Unclear --- n, (%) 22 (25) 5 (7) <0.01
 Associated Injuries ---n, (%) 88 (99) 65 (97) 0.40
  Head ---n, (%) 43 (48) 40 (60) 0.16
  Chest ---n, (%) 55 (62) 40 (60) 0.79
  Abdomen ---n, (%) 51 (57) 37 (55) 0.80
  Extremities ---n, (%) 57 (65) 39 (59) 0.47
 Blood transfusion at ED (yes, %) 52 34 <0.05
 Hgb ---g, mean (SD) 9.7 (2.7) 11.9 (4.4) <0.01
 History of Cardiovascular Diseases (yes, %) 11 13 0.67
 Transfer Directly to OR (yes, %) 49 39 0.19
  1. Abbreviations: E group refers to pelvic trauma patients experiencing early death, L group refers to pelvic trauma patients experiencing late death, SD standard deviation, BP blood pressure, bpm beats per minute, rpm respirations per minute, GCS Glasgow Coma Scale, RTS revised trauma score, IQR interquartile range, ISS Injury Severity Score, ED Emergency Department, Hgb hemoglobin, OR operating room
  2. apercentages may not add up to 100 % due to rounding up. Others includes Asian, Pacific Islander, and Native American