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Table 1 Results of the defibrillation techniques survey 2016. Questions 1-9

From: Barriers in the implementation of the Resuscitation Guidelines: European survey of defibrillation techniques

# Question Response n %
1. How do you usually perform defibrillation in your department/working place: N = 27
   adhesive pads 17 63 %
   manual paddles 10 37 %
2. What do you estimate is the percentage of using adhesive pads in your country: Pre-hospital N = 27
   76–100 % 16 59 %
   51–75 % 2 7 %
   26–50 % 1 4 %
   6–25 % 4 15 %
   0–5 % 4 15 %
3. What do you estimate is the percentage of using adhesive pads in your country: In-hospital N = 27
   76–100 % 10 37 %
   51–75 % 4 15 %
   26–50 % 2 7 %
   6–25 % 5 19 %
   0–5 % 6 22 %
4. If adhesive pads use in your country is lower than 76–100 % please specify the main reason for that N = 14
   Economic reasons 9 64 %
   Resistance to use adhesive pads by healthcare providers 3 21 %
   Other, please specify in box next to the question 2 14 %
5. What coupling medium do you use in order to facilitate manual defibrillation with paddles in your country? N = 23
   Electrode pastes 4 17 %
   Gel 7 30 %
   Gel pads 11 48 %
   Other 1 4 %
6. If you are using manual paddles what technique of defibrillation is preferred in your country N = 21
   Charging paddles keeping them on the defibrillator during chest compressions being delivered 9 43 %
   Charging paddles keeping them on the patient chest during chest compressions being delivered 6 29 %
   Charging paddles on the patient chest without chest compressions 5 24 %
   Other technique (please describe): 1 5 %
7. What major benefit of chosen manual defibrillation technique with paddles you find useful N = 17
   High chest compressions quality delivered during charging paddles 7 41 %
   Safety - no risk for rescuer 2 12 %
   Short time from chest compressions cessation to shock delivery 5 29 %
   Other (please specify) 3 18 %
8. What major drawback of other defibrillation techniques with paddles make them useless for you N = 20
   Delay from chest compressions cessation to shock delivery 8 40 %
   Poor chest compressions quality delivered during charging paddles 4 20 %
   Risk for rescuer 7 35 %
   Other (please specify) 1 5 %
9. If healthcare providers in your country use the quick-look with manual paddles technique for the FIRST assessment in cardiac arrest victim, what would be the next step when confirming shockable rhythm N = 16
   Charge the defibrillator with paddles ON the patient chest WITH ongoing chest compressions 2 13 %
   Charge the defibrillator with paddles ON the patient chest WITHOUT chest compressions 5 31 %
   Remove paddles from the patient chest and resume/start chest compressions, than deliver shock after charging defibrillator 5 31 %
   Other technique, please describe in box on the right hand side 4 25 %