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Table 2 Echocardiographic findings

From: Traumatic brain injury is not associated with significant myocardial dysfunction: an observational pilot study

  Study patients Reference range
LVEF (%) 65 (+/− 4) ≥55
LVEDD (mm) 46 (+/− 6) F 38–52, M 42–58
LVESD (mm) 30 (+/− 6) F 22–35, M 25–40
E/A 1.5 (+/− 0.5) 0.8–1.5
Lateral E/e’ 5.7 (+/− 1.5) ≤8
Right ventricular S (cm/s) 15 (+/− 3) ≥10
  1. LVEF Left ventricular ejection fraction, LVEDD Left ventricular end-diastolic dimension, LVESD Left ventricular end-systolic dimension, E Early filling wave, A Atrial contraction wave, e’ Tissue doppler early filling wave, S’ Tissue Doppler tricuspid annular velocity