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Table 2 Characteristics of included studies on ED-LOS/ICU-LOS/Hospital-LOS

From: Early goal-directed resuscitation for patients with severe sepsis and septic shock: a meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis

  ED-LOS ICU-LOS Hospital-LOS
Author EGDT Usual care P EGDT Usual care P EGDT Usual care P
Yan [45] 19.9 ± 2.2a 20.6 ± 1.9a 0.82 NA NA NA NA NA NA
Rivers [7] NA NA NA NA NA NA 13.2 ± 13.8a 13 ± 13.7a 0.54
ProCESS [6] NA NA NA 5.1 ± 6.3a 4.7 ± 5.8a 0.63 11.1 ± 10a 11.3 ± 10.9a 0.25
ARISE [30] 1.4 (0.5–2.7)b 2.0 (1.0–3.8)b 0.001 2.8 (1.4–5.1)b 2.8 (1.5–5.7)b 0.81 8.2 (4.9–16.7)b 8.5 (4.9–16.5)b 0.89
ProMISe [31] 1.5 (0.4–3.1) b 1.3 (0.4–2.9)b 0.34 2.6 (1.0–5.8)b 2.2 (0.0–5.3)b 0.005 9 (4–21)b 9 (4–18) b 0.46
  1. LOS length of stay, ED emergency department, ICU intensive care unit, NA no available, P P value
  2. amean ± standard deviation; bmedian(interquartile range)