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Table 2 Characteristics of 61 septic patients presenting to the ED with chief complaint DGC and 516 septic patients with other ED presentations (the sepsis reference group)

From: Longer time to antibiotics and higher mortality among septic patients with non-specific presentations -a cross sectional study of Emergency Department patients indicating that a screening tool may improve identification

  Septic patients presenting with ED chief complaint DGC DGC reference group  
n = 61 n = 61
Variable Median (IQR) Number (%a) Median (IQR) Number (%a) P-value
Age, year 78(67–85)   80(71–88)   .140
Gender      .034
 -male   39(63.9)   28(45.9)  
ED Vital parameters      
 -Respiratory rate (breaths/min) 24 (20–26)   20(16–24)   .001
 -Oxygen saturation (%)oxygen 94 (90–96)   96(93–98)   .005
 -Heart rate (beats/min) 89(78–107)   81(68–89)   .002
 -Temperature (°C) 37.3(36.7–38.1)   36.9(36.3–37.2)   .001
 -Systolic blood pressure 120(107–145)   135(120–160)   .007
 -Altered mental status   31 (50.8)   15(24.6) .005
ED Plasma Glucose mmol/l 6.9 (6.1–7.8)   6.0(5.2–7.7)   .015
History of infection   55(90.2)   33(54.1) .000
Fulfilment of Robsonb   34(63.0)   13(31.7) .002
Clinical judgment sepsis   15(24.6)   0(0.0) .000
Diabetes   9(14.8)   11(18.0) .404
ED Triage priority      .000
 -Red (%)   5(8.2)   1(1.6)  
 -Orange (%)   18(29.5)   7(11.5)  
 -Yellow (%)   32(52.5)   25(41.0)  
 -Green (%)   6(9.8)   28(45.9)  
 -Blue (%)   0(0.0)   0(0.0)  
In-hospital mortality   20(32.8)   2(3.3) .000
  1. DGC decreased general condition; ED emergency department; IQR interquartil range
  2. aof patients with documentation of parameter
  3. bA history suggestive of a new infection and fulfilment of two or more of the following criteria: temperature < 36°C or > 38.3°C, heart rate >90 beats/min, respiratory rate >20 breaths/min, acutely altered mental status, plasma glucose >6.6 mmol/ L (unless diabetic) is considered positive for sepsis. All necessary parameters are documented