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Table 1 Characteristics of the 61 septic patients presenting to the ED with chief complaint DGC and the 61 patients in the DGC reference group

From: Longer time to antibiotics and higher mortality among septic patients with non-specific presentations -a cross sectional study of Emergency Department patients indicating that a screening tool may improve identification

  Septic patients presenting with ED chief complaint DGC Sepsis reference group  
n = 61 n = 516
Variable Median (IQR) Number (%a) Median (IQR) Number (%a) P-value
Age, yr 78(6785) 61(100.0) 73(6182) 516(100.0) .013
Gender      .224
 -male   39(63.9)   299 (57.9)  
ED Vital parameters      
 -Respiratory rate breaths/min) 24 (2026)   22(1828)   .751
 -Oxygen saturation (%)oxygen 94 (9096)   94(9197)   .365
 -Heart rate (beats/min) 89(78107)   95(80113)   .229
 -Temperature (°C) 37.3(36.738.1)   38.2(37.339.1)   .001
 -Systolic BP 120(107145)   132(110155)   .030
 -Altered mental status   31 (50.8)   143(27.7) .000
ED Plasma Glucose, mmol/l 6.9(6.17.8)   7.3(6.29.4)   .076
History of infection   55(90.2)   505(97.9) .005
Fulfilment of Robsonb   34(63.0)   286(73.5) .074
Clinical judgment sepsis   15(24.6)   166(32.2) .144
Diabetes   9(14.8)   96(18.6) .294
History of alcohol overconsumption   17(27.9)   40(7.8) .000
Antibiotics prior to admittance   2(3.3)   91(17.6) .003
ED Triage priority      .069
 -Red (%)   5(8.2)   81(15.7)  
 -Orange (%)   18(29.5)   210(40.7)  
 -Yellow (%)   32(52.5)   185(35.9)  
 -Green (%)   6(9.8)   39(7.6)  
 -Blue (%)   0(0.0)   1(0.2)  
Charlson comorbidity score 2.0(0.03.0)   2.0(0.53.0)   .848
In-hospital mortality   20(32.8)   56(10.9) .000
  1. DGC decreased general condition; ED emergency department; IQR interquartil range; BP blood pressure
  2. aof patients with documentation of parameter
  3. bA history suggestive of a new infection and fulfilment of two or more of the following criteria: temperature < 36°C or > 38.3°C, heart rate >90 beats/min, respiratory rate >20 breaths/min, acutely altered mental status, plasma glucose >6.6 mmol/L (unless diabetic) is considered positive for sepsis. All necessary parameters are documented