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Table 2 Demographics and comorbidities according to Triage stage (unique patients)

From: The formation and design of the TRIAGE study - baseline data on 6005 consecutive patients admitted to hospital from the emergency department

  Green (n = 1741) Yellow (n = 2094) Orange (n = 1445) Red (n = 22) P value*
Age, median years (IQR) 61 (44–76) 61 (44–76) 64 (50–77) 72 (66–82) <0.001
Gender, male n (%) 825 (47.4) 1015 (48.5) 747 (51.7) 17 (77.3) 0.004
LOS, median days (IQR) 1.0 (0–3) 1.0 (0–4) 1.0 (1–5) 5.0 (1.75-8) <0.001
Ischemic heart disease n (%) 109 (6.3) 150 (7.2) 223 (15.4) 4 (18.2) <0.001
Heart failure, n (%) 54 (3.1) 102 (4.9) 112 (7.8) 5 (22.7) <0.001
Hypertension, n (%) 352 (20.2) 420 (20.1) 400 (27.7) 7 (31.8) <0.001
Diabetes, n (%) 171 (9.8) 189 (9.0) 187 (12.9) 5 (22.7) <0.001
COPD, n (%) 96 (5.5) 171 (8.2) 131 (9.1) 4 (18.2) <0.001
Kidney disease, n (%) 56 (3.2) 75 (3.6) 49 (3.4) 1 (4.5) 0.925
Liver disease, n (%) 29 (1.7) 31 (1.5) 15 (1.0) 2 (9.1) 0.010
Rheumatic disease, n (%) 34 (2.0) 47 (2.2) 26 (1.8) 0 (0.0) 0.709
Cancer, n (%) 248 (14.2) 292 (13.9) 179 (12.4) 2 (9.1) 0.389
Smoking, n (%):      <0.001
Former 314 (18.0) 456 (21.8) 381 (26.4) 5 (22.7)  
Current 405 (23.3) 488 (23.3) 368 (25.5) 8 (36.4)  
Alcohol abuse, n (%) 143 (8.2) 156 (7.4) 109 (7.5) 5 (22.7) 0.052
Social aspects, n (%):      
Living alone 352 (20.2) 396 (18.9) 341 (23.6) 3 (13.6) 0.006
Domestic help 153 (8.8) 160 (7.6) 147 (10.2) 2 (9.1) 0.075
Nursing home 77 (4.4) 107 (5.1) 67 (4.6) 1 (4.5) 0.788
  1. *P value indicates significant difference between the triage categories. Alcohol abuse was defined as ≥ 3 units of alcohol/day
  2. LOS Lenght of stay, COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Green/yellow/orange/red refers to triage acuity level in DEPT: non-urgent/urgent/emergent/resuscitation respectively, (Table 1 for detalis)