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Table 3 Gustilo and Anderson classification of open fractures [7]

From: The Libyan civil conflict: selected case series of orthopaedic trauma managed in Malta in 2014

Type I Open fracture with laceration <1 cm and clean
Type II Open fracture with laceration >1 cm without extensive soft tissue damage, flaps of avulsions
Type III Open segmental fracture with >10 cm laceration with extensive soft tissue injury or traumatic amputation. Any gunshot injury or farm machinery injury falls into this category. Type III are further subdivided into three categories (A, B and C).
IIIA Adequate soft tissue overage
IIIB Significant soft tissue loss with exposed bone that requires tissue transfer to achieve bony coverage
IIIC Associated vascular injury that requires repair for limb preservation